Latest & greatest articles for aids

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Top results for aids

1. Insurance and Replacement of Hearing Aid Equipment

Insurance and Replacement of Hearing Aid Equipment Insurance and replacement of hearing and listening equipment 20180324 - ED PaC 1 of 5 POSITION STATEMENT: CHARGING AND INSURANCE TO COVER THE COST OF REPLACING OR REPAIRING OF ALL HEARING AND LISTENING EQUIPMENT PROVIDED BY NHS AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES Owner/s: Director Policy and Campaigns Author/s: Development Manager (Audiology and Health) Issuing team/department: Policy and Campaigns Version no: V1.1 Date approved: ? EDs ? Committee ? Trustee (...) legal powers in Scotland which would allow NHS Boards to reclaim the costs for lost or damaged hearing aids. However, Government policy allows NHS Trusts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to recover all or part of the cost of repair or replacement of a hearing aid where there is evidence of misuse or carelessness. We expect: a. NHS organisations will only resort to such measures in exceptional circumstances where it can be proven beyond reasonable doubt that there has been (i) an unwarranted

2020 National Deaf Children's Society

2. Efficacy of Real-Time Computer-Aided Detection of Colorectal Neoplasia in a Randomized Trial

Efficacy of Real-Time Computer-Aided Detection of Colorectal Neoplasia in a Randomized Trial Efficacy of Real-Time Computer-Aided Detection of Colorectal Neoplasia in a Randomized Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get the latest public health information from (...) : Send even when there aren't any new results Optional text in email: Save Cancel Create a file for external citation management software Create file Cancel Your RSS Feed Name of RSS Feed: Number of items displayed: Create RSS Cancel RSS Link Copy Actions Cite Display options Display options Format Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Gastroenterology Actions . 2020 Aug;159(2):512-520.e7. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2020.04.062. Epub 2020 May 1. Efficacy of Real-Time Computer-Aided Detection of Colorectal

2020 EvidenceUpdates

3. Effect of a Mammography Screening Decision Aid for Women 75 Years and Older: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

Effect of a Mammography Screening Decision Aid for Women 75 Years and Older: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial Effect of a Mammography Screening Decision Aid for Women 75 Years and Older: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine (...) JAMA Intern Med Actions . 2020 Apr 20;e200440. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0440. Online ahead of print. Effect of a Mammography Screening Decision Aid for Women 75 Years and Older: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. 2 Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, The University

2020 EvidenceUpdates

4. EULAR points to consider for the development, evaluation and implementation of mobile health applications aiding self-management in people living with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. (Full text)

EULAR points to consider for the development, evaluation and implementation of mobile health applications aiding self-management in people living with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. Mobile health applications (apps) are available to enable people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) to better self-manage their health. However, guidance on the development and evaluation of such apps is lacking.The objective of this EULAR task force was to establish points to consider (PtC

2020 RMD open PubMed abstract

5. Effectiveness of psychological treatments for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Effectiveness of psychological treatments for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological treatments play a significant role in managing depressive symptoms. However, little is known about the most effective psychological treatments for depressive symptoms for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).To identify effective psychological treatments to manage

2020 Journal of Affective Disorders

6. How primary healthcare workers obtain information during consultations to aid safe prescribing in low-income and lower middle-income countries: a systematic review. (Full text)

How primary healthcare workers obtain information during consultations to aid safe prescribing in low-income and lower middle-income countries: a systematic review. We systematically reviewed the evidence on how primary healthcare workers obtain information during consultations to support decision-making for prescribing in low and lower middle-income countries.We searched electronic databases, consulted the Healthcare Information For All network, hand searched reference lists, ran citation (...) searches of included studies and emailed authors of identified papers. Two reviewers extracted data and appraised quality with relevant tools.Of 60 497 records found, 23 studies met our inclusion criteria. Fourteen studies were observational and nine were interventional. Frequently mentioned sources of information were books, leaflets, guidelines, aids and the internet. These sources were sometimes out of date and health workers reported being confused which to use. Internet access varied and even when

2020 BMJ global health PubMed abstract

7. A systematic review of recall errors associated with portion size estimation aids in children. (Abstract)

A systematic review of recall errors associated with portion size estimation aids in children. To reduce errors in portion size estimation, a number of aids have been developed and tested. This systematic review synthesizes what is known about error associated with use of different portion size estimation aids (PSEAs) within self-reported dietary recall studies in children (aged ≤18 years). Eight electronic databases were searched using relevant keywords. From 8184 records identified (...) and screened, 327 full texts were retrieved, with 10 records representing 9 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Studies using proxy reporting were excluded. Thirteen PSEAs were identified. To facilitate comparisons between different types of aids they were categorized into 'physical 2-dimensional (2D)', 'digital 2D' and '3-dimensional' PSEAs. Seven were physical 2D (e.g. food atlas), two were digital 2D (i.e. computer-based), and four were 3D (e.g. modelling clay, household items). Comparisons of PSEAs

2020 Appetite

8. Evaluation of Mobile Applications Intended to Aid in Conception Using a Systematic Review Framework. (Abstract)

Evaluation of Mobile Applications Intended to Aid in Conception Using a Systematic Review Framework. Objective: This review identified and evaluated apps intended to aid women in conception that were available across major mobile platforms; secondary objectives were to highlight additional criteria and considerations when evaluating conception-related apps. Data Sources: Apple iTunes and Google Play stores were searched using the keywords conception, fertility, and pregnant. Data Selection (...) : Included apps were as follows: contained in the first 50 search results; presented in English; intended for layperson use; updated July 1, 2018, or after; marketed as a conception aid; and used a defined fertility tracking method. Excluded apps were intended for men only, marketed for contraception only, promoted a single fertility service or branded product, or not found in both app stores. Data Extraction: Apps were evaluated using the adapted APPLICATIONS Scoring System. Two additional criteria were

2020 The Annals of pharmacotherapy

9. A systematic review of reported outcomes and outcome measures in randomized trials evaluating surgical interventions for posterior vaginal prolapse to aid development of a core outcome set. (Abstract)

A systematic review of reported outcomes and outcome measures in randomized trials evaluating surgical interventions for posterior vaginal prolapse to aid development of a core outcome set. Recent systematic reviews have demonstrated wide variations on outcome measure selection and outcome reporting in trials on surgical treatments for anterior, apical and mesh prolapse surgery. A systematic review of reported outcomes and outcome measures in posterior compartment vaginal prolapse interventions

2020 International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

10. Health sector spending and spending on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and development assistance for health: progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 3. (Full text)

Health sector spending and spending on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and development assistance for health: progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 3. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 aims to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages". While a substantial effort has been made to quantify progress towards SDG3, less research has focused on tracking spending towards this goal. We used spending estimates to measure progress in financing the priority areas (...) of SDG3, examine the association between outcomes and financing, and identify where resource gains are most needed to achieve the SDG3 indicators for which data are available.We estimated domestic health spending, disaggregated by source (government, out-of-pocket, and prepaid private) from 1995 to 2017 for 195 countries and territories. For disease-specific health spending, we estimated spending for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis for 135 low-income and middle-income countries, and malaria in 106 malaria

2020 Lancet PubMed abstract

11. Is placing a victim in the left lateral decubitus position an effective first aid intervention for acute oral poisoning? A systematic review. (Abstract)

Is placing a victim in the left lateral decubitus position an effective first aid intervention for acute oral poisoning? A systematic review. Introduction: In acute oral poisoning, any first aid intervention that limits or delays the uptake of the ingested substance, and which can be performed by bystanders as first responders, might assist in reducing morbidity if a toxic substance has been ingested. The current recommendation by the International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies (...) the absorption of several drugs, the simplicity of the intervention and the generally low perceived risk of this intervention, the recommendation of the first aid guidelines of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies can remain unchanged.

2020 Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.)

12. Are Electronic Cigarettes an Effective Aid to Smoking Cessation or Reduction Among Vulnerable Groups? A Systematic Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence. (Full text)

Are Electronic Cigarettes an Effective Aid to Smoking Cessation or Reduction Among Vulnerable Groups? A Systematic Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Evidence. Smoking prevalence remains high in some vulnerable groups, including those who misuse substances, have a mental illness, are homeless, or are involved with the criminal justice system. E-cigarette use is increasing and may support smoking cessation/reduction.Systematic review of quantitative and qualitative data on the effectiveness

2020 Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco PubMed abstract

13. The prevalence of hearing loss and use of hearing aids among adults in Germany: a systematic review. (Full text)

The prevalence of hearing loss and use of hearing aids among adults in Germany: a systematic review. Worldwide approximately 360 million people suffer from hearing impairment, 328 million of whom are adults. Up to now there has been no systematic evaluation of any representative epidemiological data on the prevalence of hearing loss among adults in Germany. The present paper is intended to investigate this within the framework of a systematic review.A systematic literature search was carried

2020 European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery PubMed abstract

14. Smartphone-based computer vision travelling aids for blind and visually impaired individuals: A systematic review. (Abstract)

Smartphone-based computer vision travelling aids for blind and visually impaired individuals: A systematic review. Given the growth in the numbers of visually impaired (VI) people in low-income countries, the development of affordable electronic travel aid (ETA) systems employing devices, sensors, and apps embedded in ordinary smartphones becomes a potentially cost-effective and reasonable all-in-one solution of utmost importance for the VI. This paper offers an overview of recent ETA research

2020 Assistive technology : the official journal of RESNA

15. Audiological assessment of children with HIV/AIDS: a meta-analysis. (Full text)

Audiological assessment of children with HIV/AIDS: a meta-analysis. To analyze the results of the audiological evaluation of children with HIV and AIDS.Systematic review carried out in May 2019 in the Web of Science, PubMed, SciELO, and Scopus databases. Case reports and original articles were included, with no limitationsregarding country or year of publication.278 articles were identified; 26 were included, in which HIV/AIDS was shown to be a risk factor for hearing loss (OR=5.364; p=0.00

2020 Jornal de pediatria PubMed abstract

16. HIV/AIDS treatment failure and associated factors in Ethiopia: meta-analysis. (Full text)

HIV/AIDS treatment failure and associated factors in Ethiopia: meta-analysis. The national burden of human immunodeficiency virus treatment failure and associated factors in the Ethiopian context is required to provide evidence towards a renewed ambitious future goal.We accessed Ethiopian Universities' online repository library, Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus to get the research articles. We run I-squared statistics to see heterogeneity. Publication bias was checked by using (...) Egger's regression test. The pooled prevalence was estimated using the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model. We employed the sensitivity analysis to see the presence of outlier result in the included studies.The overall human immunodeficiency treatment failure was 15.9% (95% confidence interval: 11.6-20.1%). Using immunological, virological, and clinical definition, human immunodeficiency treatment failure was 10.2% (95% confidence interval: 6.9-13.6%), 5.6% (95% confidence interval: 2.9-8.3

2020 BMC public health PubMed abstract

17. Association between diabetic retinopathy and interleukin-related gene polymorphisms: A machine learning aided meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Association between diabetic retinopathy and interleukin-related gene polymorphisms: A machine learning aided meta-analysis. Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a severe complication of diabetes and a common cause of visual loss in adults. We aimed to assess the correlation between IL gene-related SNPs and the incidence of DR and attempted to predict DR with combined mutation site detection.Methods: A systematic search of databases was performed up to August 2019. Five genetic models were

2020 Ophthalmic genetics

18. Treatment of advanced AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma in resource-limited settings: a three-arm, open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. (Full text)

Treatment of advanced AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma in resource-limited settings: a three-arm, open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial. Optimal treatment regimens for AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma, a frequent contributor to morbidity and mortality among people with HIV, have not been systematically evaluated in low-income and middle-income countries, where the disease is most common. In this study, we aimed to investigate optimal treatment strategies for advanced stage disease in areas (...) of high prevalence and limited resources.In this open-label, non-inferiority trial, we enrolled people with HIV and advanced stage AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma attending 11 AIDS Clinical Trials Group sites in Brazil, Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Eligible participants were randomly assigned (1:1:1) with a centralised computer system to receive either intravenous bleomycin and vincristine or oral etoposide (the investigational arms), or intravenous paclitaxel (the control arm

2020 Lancet PubMed abstract

19. Alcohol Use and Antiretroviral Therapy Non-Adherence Among Adults Living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. (Abstract)

Alcohol Use and Antiretroviral Therapy Non-Adherence Among Adults Living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is efficacious in improving clinical outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH) and reducing HIV transmission when taken regularly. Research examining modifiable factors associated with ART non-adherence is critical for informing novel intervention development in settings with high HIV prevalence. Alcohol use has been

2020 AIDS and behavior

20. Quality of decision aids developed for women at average risk of breast cancer eligible for mammographic screening: Systematic review and assessment according to the international patient decision aid standards instrument. (Abstract)

Quality of decision aids developed for women at average risk of breast cancer eligible for mammographic screening: Systematic review and assessment according to the international patient decision aid standards instrument. Mammographic screening contributes to a reduction in specific mortality, but it has disadvantages. Decision aids are tools designed to support people's decisions. Because these aids influence patient choice, their quality is crucial. The objective of the current study (...) was to conduct a systematic review of decision aids developed for women eligible for mammographic screening who have an average breast cancer risk and to assess the quality of these aids. The systematic review included articles published between January 1, 1997, and August 1, 2019, in the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and PsycInfo databases. The studies were reviewed independently by 2 reviewers. Any study containing a decision aid for women eligible for mammographic screening with an average breast cancer risk

2020 Cancer