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), Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. 10 Department of Psychology and Neurosciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill. 11 Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität, Dresden, Germany. PMID: 32865576 PMCID: DOI: Free PMC article Item in Clipboard Effectiveness of a Digital Cognitive Behavior Therapy-Guided Self-Help Intervention for Eating Disorders in College Women: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft et al. JAMA (...) the potential to bridge this gap. Objective: To determine whether a coached, digital, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention improves outcomes for college women with EDs compared with referral to usual care. Design, setting, and participants: This cluster randomized trial was conducted from 2014 to 2018 at 27 US universities. Women with binge-purge EDs (with both threshold and subthreshold presentations) were recruited from enrolled universities. The 690 participants were followed up for up to 2
and expression therapy (EAET) emphasizes the importance of the central nervous system and emotional processing in the etiology and treatment of chronic pain. Prior trials suggest EAET can substantially reduce pain; however, only one has compared EAET with an established alternative, demonstrating some small advantages over cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for fibromyalgia. The current trial compared EAET with CBT in older, predominately male, ethnically diverse veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain (...) : This trial, although preliminary, supports prior research suggesting that EAET may be a treatment of choice for many patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Psychotherapy may achieve substantial pain reduction if pain neuroscience principles are emphasized and avoided emotions are processed. Keywords: Chronic Pain; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; Emotional Awareness; Emotional Expression; Older Adults; Randomized Clinical Trial. The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf
. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line intervention, yet the superiority of CBT compared with other behavioral treatments when combined with pharmacotherapy remains unclear. An understanding of the effects of combined CBT and pharmacotherapy will inform best-practice guidelines for treatment of SUD. Objective: To conduct a meta-analysis of the published literature on combined CBT and pharmacotherapy for adult alcohol use disorder (AUD) or other SUDs. Data sources: PubMed, Cochrane Register (...) and pharmacotherapy over usual care (g range, 0.18-0.28; k = 9). However, CBT did not perform better than another specific therapy, and evidence for the addition of CBT as an add-on to combined usual care and pharmacotherapy was mixed. Moderator analysis showed variability in effect direction and magnitude by primary drug target. Conclusions and relevance: The present study supports the efficacy of combined CBT and pharmacotherapy compared with usual care and pharmacotherapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy did
Cognitive-behaviouraltherapy (CBT) interventions for young people aged 10 to 18 with harmful sexual behaviour. Around 1 in 1000 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years old display problematic or harmful sexual behaviour (HSB). Examples include behaviours occurring more frequently than would be considered developmentally appropriate; accompanied by coercion; involving children of different ages or stages of development; or associated with emotional distress. Some, but not all, young people engaging (...) in HSB come to the attention of authorities for investigation, prosecution or treatment. Depending on policy context, young people with HSB are those whose behaviour has resulted in a formal reprimand or warning, conviction for a sexual offence, or civil measures. Cognitive-behaviouraltherapy (CBT) interventions are based on the idea that by changing the way a person thinks, and helping them to develop new coping skills, it is possible to change behaviour.To evaluate the effects of CBT for young
Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Reduce Suicidal Ideation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Suicidal ideation is a widespread phenomenon. However, many individuals at risk for suicide do not seek treatment, which might be addressed by providing low-threshold, internet-based self-help interventions.To investigate whether internet-based self-help interventions directly targeting suicidal ideation or behavior are associated with reductions in suicidal ideation.A systematic (...) guidelines. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. Standardized mean differences were calculated using a random-effects model.Suicidal ideation was the a priori primary outcome.Six unique eligible trials (1567 unique participants; 1046 [66.8%] female; pooled mean [SD] age, 36.2 [12.5] years) were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. All identified interventions were internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT). Participants assigned to the iCBT condition
Internet-delivered cognitivebehaviourtherapy for chronic health conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the effectiveness of internet-delivered cognitivebehaviouraltherapy (ICBT) on anxiety and depression among persons with chronic health conditions. A systematic database search was conducted of MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycInfo, EMBASE, and Cochrane for relevant studies published from 1990 to September 2018. A study was included
Treatment Features Associated with Youth Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Follow-Up Effects for Internalizing Disorders: A Meta-Analysis. Our aim was to investigate whether four treatment features (i.e., the inclusion of parental involvement, goal-setting strategies, maintenance/relapse prevention sessions, the addition of booster sessions) were associated with posttreatment and follow-up effect size of youth cognitive behavioral therapies (yCBTs) for anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress
The Influence of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Pain, Quality of Life, and Depression in Patients Receiving Physical Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review. The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of adding the cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) component to routine physical therapy (PT) on pain and depression reduction, improvement in quality of life, and enhanced function in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). TYPE: Systematic (...) review.Google Scholar, PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Embase electronic databases were explored for the key terms of "behavioral (or behavioural) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) therapy" OR "cognitive behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "cognitive treatment" OR "cognitivetherapy" OR "operant behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "respondent behavior (or behaviour) treatment" AND "physical therapy" OR "physiotherapy
Neural changes following cognitive remediation therapy for schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia experience cognitive impairments that relate to poorer social functioning even after amelioration of positive symptoms. Pharmacological treatment and cognitive remediation are the two important therapeutic approaches for cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for schizophrenia improves cognitive functioning and induces neuroplasticity, but different (...) between the prefrontal cortex and temporal regions. Two studies have reported that CRT induces changes in gray matter volume in the hippocampus. Further, one study observed that patients who had received CRT had elevated fractional anisotropy in the basal ganglia. We conclude that neuroimaging studies assessing CRT in patients with schizophrenia showed functional, structural, and connectivity changes that were positively correlated with cognitive improvements despite heterogeneous CRT approaches
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for treatment-resistant depression in adults and adolescents: a systematic review. To conduct a systematic review of literature on use and efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of treatment-resistant depression in adults and adolescents.We performed a systematic review according to the Prisma Guidelines of literature indexed on the PubMed, SciELO, Psychiatry Online, Scopus, PsycArticles, Science Direct and the Journal of Medical Case Reports (...) presented follow-up data; one was an open study; and one was a case report. The studies provide good quality and robust evidence on the topic addressed.A combination of CBT with pharmacotherapy for treatment-resistant patients shows a decrease in depressive symptoms. CBT can be an effective type of therapy for adults and adolescents with treatment-resistant depression.
Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapies for late-life depressive symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Background: This study aimed to review and synthesize evidence related to the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for reducing depressive symptoms in older adults.Method: The authors conducted a systematic review of intervention studies testing iCBT for symptoms of depression in older adults. An initial search of PubMed, PsychINFO, and Web
The Effect of Exercise on Cancer-Related Cognitive Impairment and Applications for Physical Therapy: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI), often called "chemo-brain" or "chemo-fog," is a common side effect among adults with cancer, which can persist well after treatment completion. Accumulating evidence demonstrates exercise can improve cognitive function in healthy older adults and adults with cognitive impairments, suggesting exercise (...) may play a role in managing CRCI.The purpose was to perform a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to understand the effect of exercise on CRCI.Relevant literature was retrieved from CINAHL, Medline (Ovid), and EMBASE.Eligible articles were RCTs that prescribed aerobic, resistance, combined aerobic/resistance, or mind-body (eg, yoga or Qigong) exercise during or following cancer treatment and included cognitive function outcome measures.Descriptive information and Cohen d
Response to "Comparing the Effectiveness of EMDR and TF-CBT for Children and Adolescents: a Meta-Analysis. 32318231 2020 04 24 1936-1521 13 1 2020 Mar Journal of child & adolescent trauma J Child Adolesc Trauma Response to "Comparing the Effectiveness of EMDR and TF-CBT for Children and Adolescents: a Meta-Analysis. 89-91 10.1007/s40653-019-00257-1 de Roos Carlijn C 0000-0001-8792-617X 1De Bascule, Academic Center for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Meibergdreef 5, 1105 AZ Amsterdam
Time trends in the effects of mindfulness-based cognitivetherapy for depression: A meta-analysis. Recent studies suggest that the effects of cognitivetherapies for depression show systematic changes over time. A meta-analysis was conducted to explore the temporal development of the effect of mindfulness-based cognitivetherapy (MBCT) for current depression in studies that used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) or the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) as outcome measures. A systematic