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Latest & greatest articles for clopidogrel
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In older patients with NSTE-ACS, clopidogrel safely reduced bleeding compared with ticagrelor at 1 year. Gimbel M, Qaderdan K, Willemsen L, et al. Clopidogrel versus ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients aged 70 years or older with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (POPular AGE): the randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial. Lancet. 2020;395:1374-81. 32334703.
Effect of Genotype-Guided Oral P2Y12 Inhibitor Selection vs Conventional Clopidogrel Therapy on Ischemic Outcomes After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: The TAILOR-PCI Randomized Clinical Trial. After percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), patients with CYP2C19*2 or *3 loss-of-function (LOF) variants treated with clopidogrel have increased risk of ischemic events. Whether genotype-guided selection of oral P2Y12 inhibitor therapy improves ischemic outcomes is unknown.To determine (...) genotyping. CYP2C19 LOF carriers were prescribed ticagrelor and noncarriers clopidogrel. Patients randomized to the conventional group (n = 2650) were prescribed clopidogrel and underwent genotyping after 12 months.The primary end point was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, stent thrombosis, and severe recurrent ischemia at 12 months. A secondary end point was major or minor bleeding at 12 months. The primary analysis was in patients with CYP2C19 LOF variants
Anticoagulation with or without Clopidogrel after Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Implantation. The roles of anticoagulation alone or with an antiplatelet agent after transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI) have not been well studied.We performed a randomized trial of clopidogrel in patients undergoing TAVI who were receiving oral anticoagulation for appropriate indications. Patients were assigned before TAVI in a 1:1 ratio not to receive clopidogrel or to receive clopidogrel for 3 months (...) from cardiovascular causes, ischemic stroke, or myocardial infarction (secondary composite 2), both tested for noninferiority (noninferiority margin, 7.5 percentage points) and superiority.Bleeding occurred in 34 of the 157 patients (21.7%) receiving oral anticoagulation alone and in 54 of the 156 (34.6%) receiving oral anticoagulation plus clopidogrel (risk ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.43 to 0.90; P = 0.01); most bleeding events were at the TAVI access site. Non-procedure-related
Clopidogrel versus ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients aged 70 years or older with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (POPular AGE): the randomised, open-label, non-inferiority trial. Current guidelines recommend potent platelet inhibition with ticagrelor or prasugrel in patients after an acute coronary syndrome. However, data about optimal platelet inhibition in older patients are scarce. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of clopidogrel compared with ticagrelor or prasugrel (...) in older patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS).We did the open-label, randomised controlled POPular AGE trial in 12 sites (ten hospitals and two university hospitals) in the Netherlands. Patients aged 70 years or older with NSTE-ACS were enrolled and randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio using an internet-based randomisation procedure with block sizes of six to receive a loading dose of clopidogrel 300 mg or 600 mg, or ticagrelor 180 mg or prasugrel 60 mg, and then a maintenance
Long-term effect of clopidogrel in patients with and without diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Previous studies have shown that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) respond poorly to clopidogrel treatment.To systematically evaluate the efficacy of clopidogrel for the treatment of acute coronary syndromes or ischemic stroke in patients with or without DM.PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE were searched from 1980 (...) on 27 June 2019 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials that compared the effect of a combination of clopidogrel and aspirin with aspirin alone. A random-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI). Sensitivity analysis was performed using a fixed-effect model. The I2 statistic was used to evaluate the heterogeneity of the study data.Six randomized controlled trials, comprising 43352 participants (13491 with and 29861 without DM
Efficacy and safety of clopidogrel versus prasugrel and ticagrelor for coronary artery disease treatment in patients with CYP2C19 LoF alleles: A systemic review and meta-analysis. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel with those of clopidogrel in CYP2C19 reduced-metabolizers.Pubmed, Cochrane, and Web of Science were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials or cohort studies up to January 2020 (...) who received ticagrelor or prasugrel showed a lower risk of MACE than those who received clopidogrel (RR 0.524; 95% CI: 0.375, 0.731). The former also had lower risks of CV death (RR 0.409; 95% CI: 0.177, 0.946), all-cause death (RR 0.441; 95% CI: 0.263, 0.739), MI (RR 0.554; 95% CI: 0.414, 0.741), and stent thrombosis (RR 0.587; 95% CI: 0.348, 0.988) than the latter patient group. The risk of stroke was not significantly different between patients receiving the alternatives and those receiving
Switching to Clopidogrel in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Managed With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Initially Treated With Prasugrel or Ticagrelor: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Objective: To evaluate the effects of switching from ticagrelor or prasugrel to clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients managed with percutaneous coronary intervention on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and bleeding. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL (...) -effects meta-analysis revealed inconclusive effects on MACE (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.59-1.68; I2 = 82%), major bleeding (HR = 0.51; 0.19-1.35; I2 = 91%), and any bleeding (HR = 0.64; 0.38-1.07; I2 = 85%). Similar nonsignificant results were obtained in secondary analyses evaluating risk ratios. Relevance to Patient Care and Clinical Practice: Ticagrelor and prasugrel, are now considered preferred therapy over clopidogrel in patients with ACS. Switching from these potent P2Y12 inhibitors
The effect of smoking on residual platelet reactivity to clopidogrel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cigarette smoking is an important cardiovascular risk factor, causing morbidity and mortality. There are many original studies on the impact of smoking, but its influence on platelet ADP-P2Y12 receptor inhibitors lack consistency. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of already existing data/studies to further explore this issue. PubMed, Web of science, EMBASE (...) review and meta-analysis suggested that smokers have increased platelet inhibition and lower aggregation in response to clopidogrel than nonsmokers. These residual platelet reactivity observations may help to explain differential clinical outcomes in smokers vs. nonsmokers in large scale clinical trials.
Comparison of Prasugrel and Clopidogrel Used as Antiplatelet Medication for Endovascular Treatment of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms: A Meta-Analysis. Clopidogrel is routinely used to decrease ischemic complications during neurointerventional procedures. However, the efficacy may be limited by antiplatelet resistance.Our aim was to analyze the efficacy of prasugrel compared with clopidogrel in the cerebrovascular field.A systematic search of 2 large databases was performed for studies (...) intracranial aneurysms were treated under prasugrel (cases) and clopidogrel (controls), respectively. Low-dose (20 mg/5 mg; loading and maintenance doses) prasugrel compared with the standard dose of clopidogrel (300 mg/75 mg) showed a significant reduction in the complication rate (OR = 0.36; 95% CI, 0.17-74, P = .006; I2 = 0%). Overall, the ischemic complication rate was significantly higher in the clopidogrel group (40/672 = 6%; 95% CI, 3%-13%; I2 = 83% versus 16/682 = 2%; 95% CI, 1%-5%; I2 = 73%; P
Aspirin Versus Clopidogrel Monotherapy for the Secondary Prevention of Recurrent Cerebrovascular Attack Following Previous Ischemic Stroke in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and stroke are two different diseases, but have many aspects in common. Aspirin is recommended as an initial treatment for the secondary prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients with T2DM. However, clopidogrel is an oral antiplatelet (...) drug that might be another choice in case of aspirin intolerance. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare aspirin versus clopidogrel monotherapy for the secondary prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular attack following previous ischemic stroke in patients with T2DM.Online medical databases including Web of Science, MEDLINE, Cochrane central, EMBASE and http://www.ClinicalTrials.com were searched for published articles that satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria of this study
Prasugrel or ticagrelor relative to clopidogrel in triple-antiplatelet treatment combined with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor for patients with STEMI undergoing PCI: a meta-analysis. For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the efficacy and safety of novel P2Y12 antagonists, including prasugrel or ticagrelor, has not been established relative to that of the clopidogrel-based triple-antiplatelet treatments (TAPTs (...) ; in combination with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor). The present meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of prasugrel- or ticagrelor-based TAPTs relative to that of clopidogrel TAPTs in patients with STEMI undergoing PCI.The databases PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane's Library were systematically searched for relevant randomized controlled trials concerning prasugrel or ticagrelor (test) relative to clopidogrel (control). Depending on heterogeneity, studies were pooled with a random effects or a fixed
Aspirin Versus Clopidogrel Monotherapy for the Treatment of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Although aspirin (ASA) is the mainstay of treatment for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke, the Clopidogrel versus Aspirin in Patients at Risk of Ischemic Events (CAPRIE) trial showed ASA monotherapy to be inferior to clopidogrel in preventing recurrent adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with high cardiac risks. Here, we aimed (...) to systematically compare ASA versus clopidogrel monotherapy for the treatment of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).Electronic databases were searched and studies were included if they compared ASA versus clopidogrel monotherapy for the treatment of patients with CAD and they reported adverse clinical outcomes. The latest version of RevMan software (version 5.3) was used as the statistical tool for the data analysis. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were generated to interpret
The Effect of CYP2C19 and Nongenetic Factors on Clopidogrel Responsiveness in the MENA Region: A Systematic Review. Clopidogrel is the cornerstone antiplatelet used in the treatment and prevention of thrombotic events. Some studies examined the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism and nongenetic factors on clopidogrel response in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. However, the consistency among these studies is yet unknown. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of CYP2C19 genetic (...) variants in MENA region and to evaluate the effect of these variants as well as the nongenetic factors on clopidogrel responsiveness. A systematic literature search was performed to identify relevant articles. Only observational studies were included. A total of 20 studies in 8 different populations were included. The CYP2C19*2 variant is the most prevalent loss-of-function (LOF) allele in the MENA region (1.7%-35%). The frequency of CYP2C19*17 ranged from 5.3% to 26.9%. Of the 9 studies, 6 found
Statins significantly reduce mortality in patients receiving clopidogrel without affecting platelet activation and aggregation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Combination of statins and clopidogrel is frequently administered in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). They are mainly activated and eliminated in the liver by cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 3A4 (CYP3A4). The aim was to clarify whether the coadministration of clopidogrel and statins attenuate respective efficacy.PubMed (...) , Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Clinical Trials. gov were searched for until August 2018. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies were taken into quality evaluation. Data were pooled using random effect models to estimate standard mean difference (SMD) or risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence interval (CI).In total, 28 studies representing 25,267 participants were included. Statins reduce the mortality of patients administered clopidogrel (RR 0.54; 95% CI 0.40,0.74; p
Efficacy and safety of clopidogrel only vs. clopidogrel added proton pump inhibitors in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Controversy still exists that whether clopidogrel should add proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clopidogrel added proton pump (...) inhibitors (PPIs) vs. clopidogrel for the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Chinese Biomedical Medical Literature database, and the Cochrane Library for all clinical trials that were published on this topic through October 2018. We specifically selected the clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of clopidogrel added proton pump inhibitors vs. clopidogrel
De-escalation from ticagrelor to clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. De-escalation from ticagrelor to clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may occur for a variety of reasons, including side effects (bleeding and non-bleeding) and costs. This study sought to assess the prevalence of de-escalation from ticagrelor to clopidogrel and the occurrence of adverse clinical outcomes following de-escalation. We conducted a systematic review (...) to clopidogrel therapy occurred with a mean prevalence of 19.8% [95% confidence interval (CI) 11.2-28.4%]. De-escalation occurred more frequently in-hospital or at discharge than after hospital discharge (23.7% vs. 15.8%). For assessment of clinical outcomes, a total of six studies were eligible for meta-analysis. Mean rate of MACE for patients with de-escalation was 2.1% (95% CI 1.1-4.1%) and the rate of major bleeding events was 1.3% (95% CI 0.4-4.5%). In conclusion, de-escalation commonly occurs in real
Clopidogrel and aspirin after ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Recurrent stroke is common immediately following a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with clopidogrel and aspirin may provide greater protection against subsequent stroke than monotherapy. Electronic databases were searched for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing DAPT with monotherapy (...) between the two groups and included recurrent TIA (RR 0.88; 95% CI 0.72-1.07), myocardial infarction (RR 1.04; 95% CI 0.84-1.29), vascular death (RR 0.99; 95% CI 0.82-1.19), and any death (RR 1.12; 95% CI 0.88-1.42). Similar findings were observed in patients who presented with minor stroke/TIA. Conclusions: Among patients who presented with ischemic stroke/TIA, short-course clopidogrel plus aspirin immediately following the index event appears to be more effective than and as safe as monotherapy
Cangrelor or Clopidogrel in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. With recent advances in interventional cardiology where percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has become the most preferred invasive strategy and with advances in adjunctive pharmacotherapy, several newer oral P2Y12 inhibitors have reached the market. In this analysis, we aimed to compare the cardiovascular outcomes and bleeding (...) events which were associated with the use of cangrelor versus clopidogrel in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) 48 h after PCI.The electronic databases MEDLINE (PubMed), www.ClinicalTrials.gov , EMBASE, and Cochrane central were searched for relevant publications comparing canagrelor with clopidogrel during PCI. Patients with T2DM were extracted. Adverse cardiovascular outcomes and bleeding events at 48 h follow-up were considered as the end points. This meta-analysis was carried out
Comparisons between ticagrelor and clopidogrel following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome: a comprehensive meta-analysis. The efficacy and safety of ticagrelor following percutaneous coronary intervention for patients with acute coronary syndrome remains unclear. This study sought to evaluate clinical outcomes of ticagrelor as part of dual-antiplatelet treatment for these patients.PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and other Internet sources were searched (...) and cerebrovascular events was observed only with respect to ticagrelor (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.66-1.03; P=0.091), which might have resulted from the lower risk of cardiovascular death (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.68-0.89; P<0.001). The overall incidence of ST differed significantly between the ticagrelor group and the clopidogrel group (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.59-0.93; P=0.009), but the risk of bleeding, regardless of major or minor bleeding, increased significantly.As part of dual-antiplatelet treatment following percutaneous
Benefits and Risks of Clopidogrel vs. Aspirin Monotherapy after Recent Ischemic Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Though combination of clopidogrel added to aspirin has been compared to aspirin alone in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack, limited data exists on the relative efficacy and safety between clopidogrel and aspirin monotherapy in patients with a recent ischemic stroke. We aimed to compare clopidogrel versus aspirin monotherapy in this population.PubMed (...) , Embase, and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception to May 2018 to identify clinical trials and observational studies comparing clopidogrel versus aspirin for secondary prevention in patients with recent ischemic stroke within 12 months. Pooled effect estimates were calculated using a random effects model and were reported as risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals.Five studies meeting eligibility criteria were included in the analysis. A total of 29,357 adult patients who had recent