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Top results for hiv

1. Incidence and Severity of COVID-19 in HIV-Positive Persons Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy: A Cohort Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incidence and Severity of COVID-19 in HIV-Positive Persons Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy: A Cohort Study. The incidence and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among HIV-positive persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have not been characterized in large populations.To describe the incidence and severity of COVID-19 by nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) use among HIV-positive persons receiving ART.Cohort study.HIV clinics in 60 Spanish hospitals between (...) 1 February and 15 April 2020.77 590 HIV-positive persons receiving ART.Estimated risks (cumulative incidences) per 10 000 persons and 95% CIs for polymerase chain reaction-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis, hospitalization, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death. Risk and 95% CIs for COVID-19 diagnosis and hospital admission by use of the NRTIs tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)/emtricitabine (FTC), tenofovir alafenamide (TAF)/FTC, abacavir (ABC)/lamivudine (3TC), and others were estimated

2020 Annals of Internal Medicine

2. Systematic or Test-Guided Treatment for Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Adults. (Abstract)

Systematic or Test-Guided Treatment for Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Adults. In regions with high burdens of tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), many HIV-infected adults begin antiretroviral therapy (ART) when they are already severely immunocompromised. Mortality after ART initiation is high in these patients, and tuberculosis and invasive bacterial diseases are common causes of death.We conducted a 48-week trial of empirical treatment for tuberculosis as compared (...) with treatment guided by testing in HIV-infected adults who had not previously received ART and had CD4+ T-cell counts below 100 cells per cubic millimeter. Patients recruited in Ivory Coast, Uganda, Cambodia, and Vietnam were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo screening (Xpert MTB/RIF test, urinary lipoarabinomannan test, and chest radiography) to determine whether treatment for tuberculosis should be started or to receive systematic empirical treatment with rifampin, isoniazid, ethambutol

2020 NEJM

3. Evolocumab in HIV-Infected Patients With Dyslipidemia: Primary Results of the Randomized, Double-Blind BEIJERINCK Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

-text links Cite Abstract Background: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are at increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and are prone to statin-related adverse events from drug-drug interactions with certain antiretroviral regimens. Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of evolocumab in dyslipidemic PLHIV. Methods: BEIJERINCK (EvolocumaB Effect on LDL-C Lowering in SubJEcts with Human Immunodeficiency VirRus and INcreased (...) Evolocumab in HIV-Infected Patients With Dyslipidemia: Primary Results of the Randomized, Double-Blind BEIJERINCK Study Evolocumab in HIV-Infected Patients With Dyslipidemia: Primary Results of the Randomized, Double-Blind BEIJERINCK Study - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National

2020 EvidenceUpdates

4. Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction

Assessment, Development and Evaluation HPV Human papilloma virus ICER Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio ICO Istituto Catala' d'Oncologia (Spain) LY Life years 9vHPV Nine-valent HPV vaccine PeIN Penile intraepithelial neoplasia PICO Population Intervention Comparison Outcome POTS Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome QALY Quality-adjusted life years 6MPI Six-month persistent infection VaIN Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia VLP Virus-like particle VIN Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia Glossary Cost (...) the most favorable conditions, e.g. experimental setting. Vaccine hesitancy Delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccines despite availability of vaccination services. Viroprevalence Prevalence of virus in population. SCIENTIFIC ADVICE Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, PLHIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction 1 Executive summary Scope This guidance on human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination in EU countries covers the following areas: efficacy/effectiveness of the 9-valent HPV

2020 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

5. Comparative Pricing of Branded Tenofovir Alafenamide-Emtricitabine Relative to Generic Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate-Emtricitabine for HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. (Abstract)

Comparative Pricing of Branded Tenofovir Alafenamide-Emtricitabine Relative to Generic Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate-Emtricitabine for HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Tenofovir alafenamide-emtricitabine (F/TAF) was recently approved as a noninferior and potentially safer option than tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine (F/TDF) for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the United States.To estimate the greatest possible clinical benefits and economic savings (...) attributable to the improved safety profile of F/TAF and the maximum price payers should be willing to pay for F/TAF over generic F/TDF.Cost-effectiveness analysis.Published literature on F/TDF safety (in persons with and those without HIV) and the cost and quality-of-life effects of fractures and end-stage renal disease (ESRD).Age-stratified U.S. men who have sex with men (MSM) using PrEP.Five years.Health care sector.Preexposure prophylaxis with F/TAF versus F/TDF.Fractures averted, cases of ESRD averted

2020 Annals of Internal Medicine

6. Cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV

of screening strategies for early identification of HIV and HCV infection in injection drug users. PloS One. 2012;7(9). Sanders GD, Anaya HD, Asch S, Hoang T, Golden JF, Bayoumi AM, et al. Cost-effectiveness of strategies to improve HIV testing and receipt of results: Economic analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2010;25(6):556–63. Dowdy DW, Rodriguez RM, Bradley Hare C, Kaplan B. Cost‐effectiveness of targeted human immunodeficiency virus screening in an urban (...) Cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV Cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV | The Ontario HIV Treatment Network The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV Cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV , , , , Questions What evidence exists regarding the cost-effectiveness of rapid point-of-care testing (POCT) programs for HIV? How

2020 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

7. Health sector spending and spending on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and development assistance for health: progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 3. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health sector spending and spending on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, and development assistance for health: progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 3. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 aims to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages". While a substantial effort has been made to quantify progress towards SDG3, less research has focused on tracking spending towards this goal. We used spending estimates to measure progress in financing the priority areas (...) of SDG3, examine the association between outcomes and financing, and identify where resource gains are most needed to achieve the SDG3 indicators for which data are available.We estimated domestic health spending, disaggregated by source (government, out-of-pocket, and prepaid private) from 1995 to 2017 for 195 countries and territories. For disease-specific health spending, we estimated spending for HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis for 135 low-income and middle-income countries, and malaria in 106 malaria

2020 Lancet

8. Therapeutic guidelines for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment of adult HIV infection

of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365:1482-1491. 33. Meintjes G, Wilkinson R, Morroni C, et al. Randomized placebo-controlled trial of prednisone for paradoxical tuberculosis- associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. AIDS 2010; 24:2381-2390. 34. Torok ME, Nguyen TB, Tran THC, et al Timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated tuberculous meningitis. Clin Infect Dis 2011; 52:1374. 35. Hughes JP (...) OF CONTENTS TABLE 3: Factors to Consider when Selecting an ARV Regimen FACTOR CHARACTERISTICS Regimen Regimen efficacy Genetic barrier to resistance Tolerability and short-term adverse events Potential for drug-drug interactions Toxicity and long-term safety Pill burden and dosing frequency Food requirements Virus Resistance test results Individual HIV infection ? Baseline CD4 cell count and HIV viral load HLA-B*5701 test result Co-existing conditions ? Bone disease (osteoporosis) ? Cardiovascular disease

2020 CPG Infobase

9. Guidance for the use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for the prevention of HIV in British Columbia

care providers caring for persons who have experienced significant exposure to blood and/or body fluids in the work place or community setting. The risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) acquisition from a given exposure depends on the likelihood the source has transmissible HIV infection, and the biological risk of HIV transmission based on the exposure that has occurred. This guideline is designed to deal specifically with exposures to HIV and is not applicable to other exposures (...) -arv-guidelines/0 Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network Immunodeficiency Clinic. HIV/HCV Drug Therapy Guide. http://app.hivclinic.ca/ 19 XI REFERENCES 1. Kuhar DT, Henderson DK, Struble KA, et al. for the US Public Health Service Working Group. Updated US Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2013; 34: 875-92 2. Centers for Disease

2020 CPG Infobase

10. Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction

with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction Technical guidance 30 Mar 2020 Cite: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction, 2020. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. This guidance on human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination in EU countries covers the following areas (...) Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living with HIV and 9-valent HPV vaccine introduction Global Navigation Other sites: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control An agency of the European Union Main Navigation Secondary Navigation Search Search Search Search Guidance on HPV vaccination in EU countries: focus on boys, people living

2020 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

11. Fostemsavir in Adults with Multidrug-Resistant HIV-1 Infection. (Abstract)

Fostemsavir in Adults with Multidrug-Resistant HIV-1 Infection. Among some patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection who have undergone multiple antiretroviral therapies and have limited options for treatment, new classes of antiretroviral drugs with novel mechanisms of action are needed. Fostemsavir is the prodrug of temsavir, a first-in-class investigational HIV-1 attachment inhibitor.In this ongoing phase 3 trial in 23 countries, we enrolled patients with multidrug (...) -resistant HIV-1 infection in two cohorts, according to their remaining treatment options. In the first cohort, we assigned (in a 3:1 ratio) patients who had the option of using at least one fully active, approved antiretroviral drug in at least one but no more than two antiretroviral classes to add either fostemsavir (at a dose of 600 mg twice daily) or placebo to their failing regimen for 8 days, followed by open-label fostemsavir plus optimized background therapy (randomized cohort). In the second

2020 NEJM

12. Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine after Oral Induction for HIV-1 Infection. (Abstract)

Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine after Oral Induction for HIV-1 Infection. Long-acting injectable regimens may simplify therapy for patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection.We conducted a phase 3, randomized, open-label trial in which adults with HIV-1 infection who had not previously received antiretroviral therapy were given 20 weeks of daily oral induction therapy with dolutegravir-abacavir-lamivudine. Participants who had an HIV-1 RNA level of less than 50 (...) copies per milliliter after 16 weeks were randomly assigned (1:1) to continue the current oral therapy or switch to oral cabotegravir plus rilpivirine for 1 month followed by monthly injections of long-acting cabotegravir plus rilpivirine. The primary end point was the percentage of participants who had an HIV-1 RNA level of 50 copies per milliliter or higher at week 48 (Food and Drug Administration snapshot algorithm).At week 48, an HIV-1 RNA level of 50 copies per milliliter or higher was found

2020 NEJM

13. Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine for Maintenance of HIV-1 Suppression. (Abstract)

Long-Acting Cabotegravir and Rilpivirine for Maintenance of HIV-1 Suppression. Simplified regimens for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection may increase patient satisfaction and facilitate adherence.In this phase 3, open-label, multicenter, noninferiority trial involving patients who had had plasma HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies per milliliter for at least 6 months while taking standard oral antiretroviral therapy, we randomly assigned participants (1 (...) :1) to either continue their oral therapy or switch to monthly intramuscular injections of long-acting cabotegravir, an HIV-1 integrase strand-transfer inhibitor, and long-acting rilpivirine, a nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor. The primary end point was the percentage of participants with an HIV-1 RNA level of 50 copies per milliliter or higher at week 48, determined with the use of the Food and Drug Administration snapshot algorithm.Treatment was initiated in 308 participants per

2020 NEJM

14. Antiretroviral therapy alone versus antiretroviral therapy with a kick and kill approach, on measures of the HIV reservoir in participants with recent HIV infection (the RIVER trial): a phase 2, randomised trial. (Abstract)

Antiretroviral therapy alone versus antiretroviral therapy with a kick and kill approach, on measures of the HIV reservoir in participants with recent HIV infection (the RIVER trial): a phase 2, randomised trial. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) cannot cure HIV infection because of a persistent reservoir of latently infected cells. Approaches that force HIV transcription from these cells, making them susceptible to killing-termed kick and kill regimens-have been explored as a strategy towards (...) an HIV cure. RIVER is the first randomised trial to determine the effect of ART-only versus ART plus kick and kill on markers of the HIV reservoir.This phase 2, open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial was undertaken at six clinical sites in the UK. Patients aged 18-60 years who were confirmed as HIV-positive within a maximum of the past 6 months and started ART within 1 month from confirmed diagnosis were randomly assigned by a computer generated randomisation list to receive ART-only

2020 Lancet

15. Addition of Maraviroc Versus Placebo to Standard Antiretroviral Therapy for Initial Treatment of Advanced HIV Infection: A Randomized Trial. (Abstract)

Addition of Maraviroc Versus Placebo to Standard Antiretroviral Therapy for Initial Treatment of Advanced HIV Infection: A Randomized Trial. Patients diagnosed with advanced HIV infection have a poor prognosis despite initiation of combined antiretroviral therapy (c-ART).To assess the benefit of adding maraviroc, an antiretroviral drug with immunologic effects, to standard c-ART for patients with advanced disease at HIV diagnosis.Randomized controlled trial. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01348308 (...) ).Clinical sites in France (n = 25), Italy (n = 5), and Spain (n = 20).416 HIV-positive, antiretroviral-naive adults with CD4 counts less than 0.200 × 109 cells/L and/or a previous AIDS-defining event (ADE).C-ART plus placebo or maraviroc (300 mg twice daily with dose modification) for 72 weeks.The primary end point was first occurrence of severe morbidity (new ADE, selected serious infections, serious non-ADE, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome, or death). Prespecified secondary outcomes

2020 Annals of Internal Medicine

16. Dolutegravir/lamivudine (Dovato) - Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1)

Dolutegravir/lamivudine (Dovato) - Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1) Final Appraisal Recommendation Advice No: 0220 – February 2020 Dolutegravir/lamivudine (Dovato ® ) 50 mg/300 mg film-coated tablets Limited submission by ViiV Healthcare UK Ltd In reaching the above recommendation AWMSG has taken account of the appraisal documentation prepared by the AWMSG Secretariat (reference number 3659), which includes the AWMSG Secretariat Assessment Report (ASAR), the Preliminary Appraisal (...) Recommendation (PAR) and the applicant company’s response to the PAR, clinical expert opinion (where available), the views of patients/patient carers (where available) and the lay member perspective. This recommendation has been ratified by Welsh Government and will be considered for review every three years. Recommendation of AWMSG Dolutegravir/lamivudine (Dovato ® ) is recommended as an option for use within NHS Wales for the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in adults

2020 All Wales Medicines Strategy Group

17. Financial education for HIV?vulnerable youth, orphans, and vulnerable children: A systematic review of outcome evidence Full Text available with Trip Pro

Financial education for HIV?vulnerable youth, orphans, and vulnerable children: A systematic review of outcome evidence Financial education for HIV‐vulnerable youth, orphans, and vulnerable children: A systematic review of outcome evidence - Lee - 2020 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Financial education for HIV (...) of Use. Shareable Link Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Copy URL Share a link Share on 1 Children and youth are defined as those between 0 and 24 years by UN and UNICEF definitions ( , , retrieved on November 15, 2017). HIV is the leading cause of youth mortality in Africa, and the second cause of death among young people worldwide (UNAIDS, ; WHO, ). Young girls are particularly vulnerable (Fleischman & Peck, ), accounting for 20

2020 Campbell Collaboration

18. The risk of HIV among women after acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and considerations for their use of PrEP

limited to English articles published since 2015. Reference lists of identified articles were also searched. The search yielded 1,343 references from which 28 were included. Reference list Newman DR, Rahman MM, Brantley A, Peterman TA. Rates of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses after reported sexually transmitted infection in women in Louisiana, 2000–2015: Implications for HIV prevention. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2019. Peterman TA, Newman DR, Maddox L, Schmitt K, Shiver S. Risk (...) . 1999;20(3):295–9. Padian NS, Shiboski SC, Glass SO, Vittinghoff E. Heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in northern California: Results from a ten-year study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 1997;146(4):350–7. Calabrese SK, Willie TC, Galvao RW, Tekeste M, Dovidio JF, Safon CB, et al. Current US guidelines for prescribing HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) disqualify many women who are at risk and motivated to use PrEP. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

2020 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

19. What methods have been effective in promoting uptake of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals at high risk of HIV, excluding men who have sex with men

What methods have been effective in promoting uptake of Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals at high risk of HIV, excluding men who have sex with men Knowledge & Library Services (KLS) Evidence Briefing What methods have been effective in promoting uptake of Pre- exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among individuals at high risk of HIV, excluding men who have sex with men (MSM), in developed cities comparable to London Nicola Pearce-Smith March 15 th 2019 What methods have been effective (...) in promoting uptake of PrEP among individuals at high risk of HIV KLS Evidence Briefing March 19th 2019 Research question This briefing summarises the evidence on the uptake of PrEP amongst high risk groups such as women, transgender, black Africans, sex workers, drug addicts and young people, from January 1 st 2017 to February 28 th 2019. Key messages • Barriers to PrEP uptake identified across all risk groups were safety, side effects, lack of knowledge, medication regimen, socioeconomic factors, stigma

2020 Public Health England - Evidence Briefings

20. Invasive Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Infection Among Adults With HIV in Metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, 2008-2018. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Invasive Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Infection Among Adults With HIV in Metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, 2008-2018. Invasive nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) infection among adults is typically associated with bacteremic pneumonia. Nontypeable H influenzae is genetically diverse and clusters of infection are uncommon.To evaluate an increase in invasive NTHi infection from 2017-2018 among HIV-infected men who have sex with men in metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia.A population-based (...) surveillance study with a cohort substudy and descriptive epidemiological analysis identified adults aged 18 years or older with invasive NTHi infection (isolation of NTHi from a normally sterile site) between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2018 (final date of follow-up).Time period, HIV status, and genetic relatedness (ie, cluster status) of available NTHi isolates.The primary outcome was incidence of invasive NTHi infection (from 2008-2016 and 2017-2018) among persons with HIV and compared with NTHi

2019 JAMA