Latest & greatest articles for inequality

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Top results for inequality

61. Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health, smoking, and physical activity of Japanese adults from 2000 to 2010 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health, smoking, and physical activity of Japanese adults from 2000 to 2010 Health disparities in Japan are attracting increasing attention. Temporal trends in health disparities should be continuously monitored using multiple indices of socioeconomic status (SES) and health-related outcomes. We explored changes in socioeconomic differences in the health of Japanese adults during 2000-2010. The data was taken from the Japanese General Social (...) Surveys, the cross-sectional surveys for nationally representative samples of Japanese adults. We used 14,193 samples (individuals of 20-64 years of age) in our analysis. We estimated age-adjusted prevalence ratios of the lowest SES group in comparison with the highest SES group using Poisson regression models with robust error variance. Relative index of inequality (RII) and slope index of inequality (SII) were also calculated. We examined the changes in the association between health-related

2016 SSM - population health

62. What is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region

What is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region What is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region HEALTH EVIDENCE NETWORK SYNTHESIS REPORT 45 Ines Keygnaert | Olena Ivanova | Aurore Guieu | An-Sofie Van Parys | Els (...) is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region Ines Keygnaert | Olena Ivanova | Aurore Guieu | An-Sofie Van Parys | Els Leye | Kristien RoelensAbstract The number of female migrants of childbearing age is rapidly increasing, which poses specific maternal health needs. Via a systematic academic literature review and a critical interpretive synthesis of policy frameworks

2016 WHO Health Evidence Network

63. Explaining inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. States Full Text available with Trip Pro

Explaining inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. States Inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states are large and growing. It is unknown whether they reflect differences between states in their population characteristics, contextual characteristics, or both. This study systematically examines the large inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states using a multilevel approach. It focuses on "fundamental" social determinants of mortality at the individual and state (...) stronger and more pernicious consequences for women than men. Taken together, the findings underscore the importance of 'bringing context back in' and taking a multilevel approach when investigating geographic inequalities in U.S. mortality.

2016 SSM - population health

64. Wealth, education and urban–rural inequality and maternal healthcare service usage in Malawi Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wealth, education and urban–rural inequality and maternal healthcare service usage in Malawi Malawi is among the 5 sub-Saharan African countries presenting with very high maternal mortality rates, which remain a challenge. This study aims to examine the impact of wealth inequality and area of residence (urban vs rural) and education on selected indicators of maternal healthcare services (MHS) usage in Malawi.This study was based on data from the 5th round of Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (...) appears to be reasonable, yet the high maternal mortality rate is disturbing and calls for analysing factors hindering the achievement of maternal health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The findings of this study underscore the need to minimise the wealth inequality, urban-rural divide and the low level of education among mothers to improve the usage of MHS. An equity-based policy approach considering the sociodemographic inequity in terms of wealth index, education and urban-rural

2016 BMJ global health

65. Trends of geographic inequalities in the distribution of human resources in healthcare system: the case of Iran Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trends of geographic inequalities in the distribution of human resources in healthcare system: the case of Iran Considering the scarcity of skilled workers in the health sector, the appropriate distribution of human resources in this sector is very important for improving people's health. Having information about the degree of equality in the distribution of health human resources and their time trends is necessary for better planning and efficient use of these resources. The aim of this study (...) was to determine the trend of inequality in the allocation of human resources in the health sector in Tehran between 2007 and 2013.This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran Province in Iran. The inequality in the distribution of human resources (specialists, general practitioners, pharmacists, paramedics, dentists, nurses and community health workers (Behvarz)) in 10 cities in Tehran Province was investigated using the Gini coefficient and the dissimilarity index. The time trend of inequality

2016 Electronic physician

66. Theoretical basis and explanation for the relationship between area-level social inequalities and population oral health outcomes – A scoping review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Theoretical basis and explanation for the relationship between area-level social inequalities and population oral health outcomes – A scoping review This study was conducted to review the evidence on the association between area-level social inequalities and population oral health according to type and extent of social theories. A scoping review was conducted of studies, which assessed the association between area-level social inequality measures, and population oral health outcomes including (...) to their theoretical basis. A total of 2892 studies were identified with 16 included in the review. Seven types of social theories were used on 48 occasions within the selected studies including: psychosocial (n=13), behavioural (n=10), neo-material (n=10), social capital (n=6), social cohesion (n=4), material (n=3) and social support (n=2). Of the selected studies, four explicitly tested social theories as pathways from inequalities to population oral health outcomes, three used a theoretical construct, seven

2016 SSM - population health

67. The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could

2016 NIHR HTA programme

68. The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes

The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes (...) interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes. Public Health Research 2016; 4(5) Authors' objectives Positive Youth Development (PYD) delivered outside school aims to enable young people to develop positive assets such as relationships and confidence, rather than to merely address risk. Existing reviews of PYD effects on substance use or violence are old and unsystematic. The objective was to systematically review evidence

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

69. Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Baseline findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Baseline findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study Since 2010, the UK has pursued a policy of austerity characterised by public spending cuts and welfare changes. There has been speculation - but little actual research - about the effects of this policy on health inequalities. This paper reports on a case study of local health inequalities in the local authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the North East of England, an area (...) characterised by high spatial and socio-economic inequalities. The paper presents baseline findings from a prospective cohort study of inequalities in mental health and mental wellbeing between the most and least deprived areas of Stockton-on-Tees. This is the first quantitative study to explore local mental health inequalities during the current period of austerity and the first UK study to empirically examine the relative contributions of material, psychosocial and behavioural determinants in explaining

2016 SSM - population health

70. Achieving universal health coverage in France: policy reforms and the challenge of inequalities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Achieving universal health coverage in France: policy reforms and the challenge of inequalities. Since 1945, the provision of health care in France has been grounded in a social conception promoting universalism and equality. The French health-care system is based on compulsory social insurance funded by social contributions, co-administered by workers' and employers' organisations under State control and driven by highly redistributive financial transfers. This system is described frequently (...) suggest the redistributive mechanisms of the health insurance system are impeded by social inequalities in health, which remain major hindrances to achieving objectives of justice and solidarity associated with the conception of health care in France. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2016 Lancet

71. Inequalities in use of total hip arthroplasty for hip fracture: population based study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Inequalities in use of total hip arthroplasty for hip fracture: population based study. To determine whether the use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) among individuals with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the femoral neck is based on national guidelines or if there are systematic inequalities.Observational cohort study using the National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD).All hospitals that treat adults with hip fractures in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.Patients within the national

2016 BMJ

72. Towards an understanding of the structural determinants of oral health inequalities: A comparative analysis between Canada and the United States Full Text available with Trip Pro

Towards an understanding of the structural determinants of oral health inequalities: A comparative analysis between Canada and the United States To compare the magnitude of, and contributors to, income-related inequalities in oral health outcomes within and between Canada and the United States over time.The concentration index was used to estimate income-related inequalities in three oral health outcomes from the Nutrition Canada National Survey 1970-1972, Canadian Health Measures Survey 2007 (...) -2009, Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I 1971-1974, and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2008. Concentration indices were decomposed to determine the contribution of demographic and socioeconomic factors to oral health inequalities.Our estimates show that over time in both countries, inequalities in decayed teeth and edentulism were concentrated among the poor and inequalities in filled teeth were concentrated among the rich. Over time, inequalities in decayed teeth

2016 SSM - population health

73. Changes in mortality inequalities over two decades: register based study of European countries. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Changes in mortality inequalities over two decades: register based study of European countries. To determine whether government efforts in reducing inequalities in health in European countries have actually made a difference to mortality inequalities by socioeconomic group.Register based study.Mortality data by level of education and occupational class in the period 1990-2010, usually collected in a census linked longitudinal study design. We compared changes in mortality between the lowest (...) and highest socioeconomic groups, and calculated their effect on absolute and relative inequalities in mortality (measured as rate differences and rate ratios, respectively).All European countries for which data on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality were available for the approximate period between years 1990 and 2010. These included Finland, Norway, Sweden, Scotland, England and Wales (data applied to both together), France, Switzerland, Spain (Barcelona), Italy (Turin), Slovenia

2016 BMJ

74. Health Protection Inequalities on the island of Ireland: An introductory paper

Health Protection Inequalities on the island of Ireland: An introductory paper Welcome | Institute of Public Health in Ireland Corporate menu Search Main navigation 12 Mar 2020 Institute of Public Health The Institute of Public Health deals with the prevention and promotion aspects of population health, rather than health protection and infectious diseases. Our staff are mainly policy specialists and researchers, and do not work in primary care settings. The Institute… 10 Feb 2020 OLDER people (...) action for sustained improvements in health. Tackling inequalities in health across the island of Ireland is a focus for all our work. IPH Websites Quick Links Share This Mailing List Footer menu New Corporate Menu The Institute of Public Health in Ireland Belfast Forestview Purdy's Lane Belfast BT8 7AR Northern Ireland Telephone: +44 28 9064 8494 Fax: +44 28 9064 6604 Dublin 700 South Circular Road Dublin 8 Ireland D08 NH90 Telephone: +353 1 478 6300 Fax: + 353 1 478 6319

2016 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

75. Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities

Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities Community engagement: impro Community engagement: improving ving health and wellbeing and reducing health health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities inequalities NICE guideline Published: 4 March 2016 nice.org.uk/guidance/ng44 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility (...) and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (NG44) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject

2016 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

76. Map of NICE guidanace realting to inequalities

Map of NICE guidanace realting to inequalities 0 We would welcome feedback on this report and would be interested to hear how it has been used. To provide feedback, or request further information, please contact us: Public Health Wales Observatory 14 Cathedral Road Cardiff CF11 9LJ Email: publichealthwalesobservatory@wales.nhs.uk Report authors: Eleri Tyler, Advanced Evidence and Knowledge Analyst/Researcher and Hannah Shaw, Evidence and Knowledge Analyst. Acknowledgements: The authors would (...) like to acknowledge the contributions of other colleagues from within Public Health Wales in the production of this report: Dr Ciarán Humphreys, who provided comments on the draft report. Contact: Public Health Wales Observatory 14 Cathedral Road Cardiff CF11 9LJ email: publichealthwalesobservatory@wales.nhs.uk web: www.publichealthwalesobservatory.wales.nhs.uk Publication details: Title: Map of NICE guidance relating to inequalities: A companion guide to Measuring inequalities 2016 Publisher

2016 Public Health Wales Observatory Evidence Service

77. The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation

The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation Popay J, Whitehead M, Carr-Hill (...) R, Dibben C, Dixon P, Halliday E, Nazroo J, Peart E, Povall S, Stafford M, Turner J, Walthery P Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Popay J, Whitehead M, Carr-Hill R, Dibben C, Dixon P, Halliday E, Nazroo J, Peart E, Povall S, Stafford M, Turner J, Walthery P. The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community

2015 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

78. Potential of trans fats policies to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from coronary heart disease in England: cost effectiveness modelling study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potential of trans fats policies to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from coronary heart disease in England: cost effectiveness modelling study. To determine health and equity benefits and cost effectiveness of policies to reduce or eliminate trans fatty acids from processed foods, compared with consumption remaining at most recent levels in England.Epidemiological modelling study.Data from National Diet and Nutrition Survey, Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey, Office (...) care, and productivity loss.A total ban on trans fatty acids in processed foods might prevent or postpone about 7200 deaths (2.6%) from coronary heart disease from 2015-20 and reduce inequality in mortality from coronary heart disease by about 3000 deaths (15%). Policies to improve labelling or simply remove trans fatty acids from restaurants/fast food could save between 1800 (0.7%) and 3500 (1.3%) deaths from coronary heart disease and reduce inequalities by 600 (3%) to 1500 (7%) deaths, thus

2015 BMJ

79. The future of life expectancy and life expectancy inequalities in England and Wales: Bayesian spatiotemporal forecasting. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The future of life expectancy and life expectancy inequalities in England and Wales: Bayesian spatiotemporal forecasting. To plan for pensions and health and social services, future mortality and life expectancy need to be forecast. Consistent forecasts for all subnational units within a country are very rare. Our aim was to forecast mortality and life expectancy for England and Wales' districts.We developed Bayesian spatiotemporal models for forecasting of age-specific mortality and life (...) in 2030 is expected to reach 85·7 (84·2-87·4) years for men and 87·6 (86·7-88·9) years for women, further reducing the female advantage to 1·9 years. Life expectancy will reach or surpass 81·4 years for men and reach or surpass 84·5 years for women in every district by 2030. Longevity inequality across districts, measured as the difference between the 1st and 99th percentiles of district life expectancies, has risen since 1981, and is forecast to rise steadily to 8·3 years (6·8-9·7) for men and 8·3

2015 Lancet

80. Can community-based peer support promote health literacy and reduce inequalities? A realist review

Can community-based peer support promote health literacy and reduce inequalities? A realist review Can community-based peer support promote health literacy and reduce inequalities? A realist review Can community-based peer support promote health literacy and reduce inequalities? A realist review Harris J, Springett J, Croot L, Booth A, Campbell F, Thompson J, Goyder E, Van Cleemput P, Wilkins E, Yang Y Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from (...) a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Harris J, Springett J, Croot L, Booth A, Campbell F, Thompson J, Goyder E, Van Cleemput P, Wilkins E, Yang Y. Can community-based peer support promote health literacy and reduce inequalities? A realist review. Public Health Research 2015; 3(3) Authors' objectives To undertake a participatory realist synthesis to develop a better understanding of the potential for CBPS to promote better HL

2015 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.