Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 or #4)
Latest & greatest articles for inequality
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on inequality or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
This page lists the very latest high quality evidence on inequality and also the most popular articles. Popularity measured by the number of times the articles have been clicked on by fellow users in the last twelve months.
What is Trip?
Trip is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.
Trip has been online since 1997 and in that time has developed into the internet’s premier source of evidence-based content. Our motto is ‘Find evidence fast’ and this is something we aim to deliver for every single search.
As well as research evidence we also allow clinicians to search across other content types including images, videos, patient information leaflets, educational courses and news.
For further information on Trip click on any of the questions/sections on the left-hand side of this page. But if you still have questions please contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org
Inter-individual inequality in BMI: An analysis of Indonesian Family Life Surveys (1993â€“2007) Widening inequalities in mean Body Mass Index (BMI) between social and economic groups are well documented. However, whether changes in mean BMI are followed by changes in dispersion (or variance) and whether these inequalities are also occurring within social groups or across individuals remain understudied. In addition, a substantial body of literature exists on the global increase in mean BMI (...) and prevalence of overweight and obesity. However, whether this weight gain is shared proportionately across the whole spectrum of BMI distribution, also remains understudied. We examined changes in the distribution of BMI at the population level over time to understand how changes in the dispersion reflect between-group compared to within-group inequalities in weight gain. Moreover, we investigated the entire distribution of BMI to determine in which percentiles the most weight gain is occurring over time
Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in self-rated health, smoking, and physical activity of Japanese adults from 2000 to 2010 Health disparities in Japan are attracting increasing attention. Temporal trends in health disparities should be continuously monitored using multiple indices of socioeconomic status (SES) and health-related outcomes. We explored changes in socioeconomic differences in the health of Japanese adults during 2000-2010. The data was taken from the Japanese General Social (...) Surveys, the cross-sectional surveys for nationally representative samples of Japanese adults. We used 14,193 samples (individuals of 20-64 years of age) in our analysis. We estimated age-adjusted prevalence ratios of the lowest SES group in comparison with the highest SES group using Poisson regression models with robust error variance. Relative index of inequality (RII) and slope index of inequality (SII) were also calculated. We examined the changes in the association between health-related
What is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region What is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region HEALTH EVIDENCE NETWORK SYNTHESIS REPORT 45 Ines Keygnaert | Olena Ivanova | Aurore Guieu | An-Sofie Van Parys | Els (...) is the evidence on the reduction of inequalities in accessibility and quality of maternal health care delivery for migrants? A review of the existing evidence in the WHO European Region Ines Keygnaert | Olena Ivanova | Aurore Guieu | An-Sofie Van Parys | Els Leye | Kristien RoelensAbstract The number of female migrants of childbearing age is rapidly increasing, which poses specific maternal health needs. Via a systematic academic literature review and a critical interpretive synthesis of policy frameworks
Explaining inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. States Inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states are large and growing. It is unknown whether they reflect differences between states in their population characteristics, contextual characteristics, or both. This study systematically examines the large inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states using a multilevel approach. It focuses on "fundamental" social determinants of mortality at the individual and state (...) stronger and more pernicious consequences for women than men. Taken together, the findings underscore the importance of 'bringing context back in' and taking a multilevel approach when investigating geographic inequalities in U.S. mortality.
Wealth, education and urbanâ€“rural inequality and maternal healthcare service usage in Malawi Malawi is among the 5 sub-Saharan African countries presenting with very high maternal mortality rates, which remain a challenge. This study aims to examine the impact of wealth inequality and area of residence (urban vs rural) and education on selected indicators of maternal healthcare services (MHS) usage in Malawi.This study was based on data from the 5th round of Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (...) appears to be reasonable, yet the high maternal mortality rate is disturbing and calls for analysing factors hindering the achievement of maternal health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The findings of this study underscore the need to minimise the wealth inequality, urban-rural divide and the low level of education among mothers to improve the usage of MHS. An equity-based policy approach considering the sociodemographic inequity in terms of wealth index, education and urban-rural
Trends of geographic inequalities in the distribution of human resources in healthcare system: the case of Iran Considering the scarcity of skilled workers in the health sector, the appropriate distribution of human resources in this sector is very important for improving people's health. Having information about the degree of equality in the distribution of health human resources and their time trends is necessary for better planning and efficient use of these resources. The aim of this study (...) was to determine the trend of inequality in the allocation of human resources in the health sector in Tehran between 2007 and 2013.This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tehran Province in Iran. The inequality in the distribution of human resources (specialists, general practitioners, pharmacists, paramedics, dentists, nurses and community health workers (Behvarz)) in 10 cities in Tehran Province was investigated using the Gini coefficient and the dissimilarity index. The time trend of inequality
Theoretical basis and explanation for the relationship between area-level social inequalities and population oral health outcomes â€“ A scoping review This study was conducted to review the evidence on the association between area-level social inequalities and population oral health according to type and extent of social theories. A scoping review was conducted of studies, which assessed the association between area-level social inequality measures, and population oral health outcomes including (...) to their theoretical basis. A total of 2892 studies were identified with 16 included in the review. Seven types of social theories were used on 48 occasions within the selected studies including: psychosocial (n=13), behavioural (n=10), neo-material (n=10), social capital (n=6), social cohesion (n=4), material (n=3) and social support (n=2). Of the selected studies, four explicitly tested social theories as pathways from inequalities to population oral health outcomes, three used a theoretical construct, seven
The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could
The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes The effects of Positive Youth Development interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes (...) interventions on substance use, violence and inequalities: systematic review of theories of change, processes and outcomes. Public Health Research 2016; 4(5) Authors' objectives Positive Youth Development (PYD) delivered outside school aims to enable young people to develop positive assets such as relationships and confidence, rather than to merely address risk. Existing reviews of PYD effects on substance use or violence are old and unsystematic. The objective was to systematically review evidence
Inequalities in mental health and well-being in a time of austerity: Baseline findings from the Stockton-on-Tees cohort study Since 2010, the UK has pursued a policy of austerity characterised by public spending cuts and welfare changes. There has been speculation - but little actual research - about the effects of this policy on health inequalities. This paper reports on a case study of local health inequalities in the local authority of Stockton-on-Tees in the North East of England, an area (...) characterised by high spatial and socio-economic inequalities. The paper presents baseline findings from a prospective cohort study of inequalities in mental health and mental wellbeing between the most and least deprived areas of Stockton-on-Tees. This is the first quantitative study to explore local mental health inequalities during the current period of austerity and the first UK study to empirically examine the relative contributions of material, psychosocial and behavioural determinants in explaining
Inequalities in use of total hip arthroplasty for hip fracture: population based study. To determine whether the use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) among individuals with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the femoral neck is based on national guidelines or if there are systematic inequalities.Observational cohort study using the National Hip Fracture Database (NHFD).All hospitals that treat adults with hip fractures in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.Patients within the national
Towards an understanding of the structural determinants of oral health inequalities: A comparative analysis between Canada and the United States To compare the magnitude of, and contributors to, income-related inequalities in oral health outcomes within and between Canada and the United States over time.The concentration index was used to estimate income-related inequalities in three oral health outcomes from the Nutrition Canada National Survey 1970-1972, Canadian Health Measures Survey 2007 (...) -2009, Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I 1971-1974, and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2008. Concentration indices were decomposed to determine the contribution of demographic and socioeconomic factors to oral health inequalities.Our estimates show that over time in both countries, inequalities in decayed teeth and edentulism were concentrated among the poor and inequalities in filled teeth were concentrated among the rich. Over time, inequalities in decayed teeth
Changes in mortality inequalities over two decades: register based study of European countries. To determine whether government efforts in reducing inequalities in health in European countries have actually made a difference to mortality inequalities by socioeconomic group.Register based study.Mortality data by level of education and occupational class in the period 1990-2010, usually collected in a census linked longitudinal study design. We compared changes in mortality between the lowest (...) and highest socioeconomic groups, and calculated their effect on absolute and relative inequalities in mortality (measured as rate differences and rate ratios, respectively).All European countries for which data on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality were available for the approximate period between years 1990 and 2010. These included Finland, Norway, Sweden, Scotland, England and Wales (data applied to both together), France, Switzerland, Spain (Barcelona), Italy (Turin), Slovenia
Health Protection Inequalities on the island of Ireland: An introductory paper Welcome | Institute of Public Health in Ireland Corporate menu Search Main navigation 12 Mar 2020 Institute of Public Health The Institute of Public Health deals with the prevention and promotion aspects of population health, rather than health protection and infectious diseases. Our staff are mainly policy specialists and researchers, and do not work in primary care settings. The Institute… 10 Feb 2020 OLDER people (...) action for sustained improvements in health. Tackling inequalities in health across the island of Ireland is a focus for all our work. IPH Websites Quick Links Share This Mailing List Footer menu New Corporate Menu The Institute of Public Health in Ireland Belfast Forestview Purdy's Lane Belfast BT8 7AR Northern Ireland Telephone: +44 28 9064 8494 Fax: +44 28 9064 6604 Dublin 700 South Circular Road Dublin 8 Ireland D08 NH90 Telephone: +353 1 478 6300 Fax: + 353 1 478 6319
Map of NICE guidanace realting to inequalities 0 We would welcome feedback on this report and would be interested to hear how it has been used. To provide feedback, or request further information, please contact us: Public Health Wales Observatory 14 Cathedral Road Cardiff CF11 9LJ Email: email@example.com Report authors: Eleri Tyler, Advanced Evidence and Knowledge Analyst/Researcher and Hannah Shaw, Evidence and Knowledge Analyst. Acknowledgements: The authors would (...) like to acknowledge the contributions of other colleagues from within Public Health Wales in the production of this report: Dr Ciarán Humphreys, who provided comments on the draft report. Contact: Public Health Wales Observatory 14 Cathedral Road Cardiff CF11 9LJ email: firstname.lastname@example.org web: www.publichealthwalesobservatory.wales.nhs.uk Publication details: Title: Map of NICE guidance relating to inequalities: A companion guide to Measuring inequalities 2016 Publisher
The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community engagement in the New Deal for Communities regeneration initiative: a mixed-methods evaluation Popay J, Whitehead M, Carr-Hill (...) R, Dibben C, Dixon P, Halliday E, Nazroo J, Peart E, Povall S, Stafford M, Turner J, Walthery P Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Popay J, Whitehead M, Carr-Hill R, Dibben C, Dixon P, Halliday E, Nazroo J, Peart E, Povall S, Stafford M, Turner J, Walthery P. The impact on health inequalities of approaches to community
Potential of trans fats policies to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from coronary heart disease in England: cost effectiveness modelling study. To determine health and equity benefits and cost effectiveness of policies to reduce or eliminate trans fatty acids from processed foods, compared with consumption remaining at most recent levels in England.Epidemiological modelling study.Data from National Diet and Nutrition Survey, Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey, Office (...) care, and productivity loss.A total ban on trans fatty acids in processed foods might prevent or postpone about 7200 deaths (2.6%) from coronary heart disease from 2015-20 and reduce inequality in mortality from coronary heart disease by about 3000 deaths (15%). Policies to improve labelling or simply remove trans fatty acids from restaurants/fast food could save between 1800 (0.7%) and 3500 (1.3%) deaths from coronary heart disease and reduce inequalities by 600 (3%) to 1500 (7%) deaths, thus
The future of life expectancy and life expectancy inequalities in England and Wales: Bayesian spatiotemporal forecasting. To plan for pensions and health and social services, future mortality and life expectancy need to be forecast. Consistent forecasts for all subnational units within a country are very rare. Our aim was to forecast mortality and life expectancy for England and Wales' districts.We developed Bayesian spatiotemporal models for forecasting of age-specific mortality and life (...) in 2030 is expected to reach 85·7 (84·2-87·4) years for men and 87·6 (86·7-88·9) years for women, further reducing the female advantage to 1·9 years. Life expectancy will reach or surpass 81·4 years for men and reach or surpass 84·5 years for women in every district by 2030. Longevity inequality across districts, measured as the difference between the 1st and 99th percentiles of district life expectancies, has risen since 1981, and is forecast to rise steadily to 8·3 years (6·8-9·7) for men and 8·3