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Latest & greatest articles for liraglutide
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A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Liraglutide for Adolescents with Obesity. Obesity is a chronic disease with limited treatment options in pediatric patients. Liraglutide may be useful for weight management in adolescents with obesity.In this randomized, double-blind trial, which consisted of a 56-week treatment period and a 26-week follow-up period, we enrolled adolescents (12 to <18 years of age) with obesity and a poor response to lifestyle therapy alone. Participants were randomly assigned (...) (1:1) to receive either liraglutide (3.0 mg) or placebo subcutaneously once daily, in addition to lifestyle therapy. The primary end point was the change from baseline in the body-mass index (BMI; the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) standard-deviation score at week 56.A total of 125 participants were assigned to the liraglutide group and 126 to the placebo group. Liraglutide was superior to placebo with regard to the change from baseline in the BMI standard
Liraglutide reduces systolic blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis of randomized trials. The antidiabetic effect of liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been explored in several trials. We performed this meta-analysis determining the effects of liraglutide on blood pressure in these patients. Three electronic databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central) were searched for all published articles evaluating the effects (...) of liraglutide on blood pressure in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Total 968 patients were included in 10 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials with a follow-up of 16 ± 9 weeks. Liraglutide 1.8 mg/day reduced systolic blood pressure (weighted mean differences -5.39 (95% confidence interval, -7.26, -3.51) mm Hg, p < .001) and body weight (weighted mean differences -2.07 (95% confidence interval, -2.62, -1.51) kg, p < .001) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Efficacy and Safety of Dulaglutide Compared to Liraglutide: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes mellitus has been always one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the last decades. There exist a wide range of pharmacological agents for controlling this disease. However, these agents fare differently in terms of efficacy and safety. Hence, the aim of this study was to compare dulaglutide and liraglutide, two glucagon-like peptide-1 (...) effects and vital signs. Three articles met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results indicated that the mean difference (MD) of HbA1c reduction was -0.10% (95% CI, -0.20% to -0.01%, P=0.03) in the patients who received dulaglutide in comparison with the patients who received liraglutide. In addition, dulaglutide was safer than liraglutide in terms of gastrointestinal problems (RR=0.85, 95% CI, 0.73 to 0.99, P=0.04, I2=55%) and heart rate (RR=-1.14, 95% CI, -1.90 to -0.38, P=0.003, I2=0
Effectiveness of dulaglutide vs liraglutide and exenatide once-weekly. A real-world study and meta-analysis of observational studies. Real-word data on the head-to-head comparisons among glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are scant. Therefore, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of dulaglutide versus liraglutide and exenatide once weekly (exeOW) in type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients under routine care.This was a retrospective, multicenter, real-world study on patients with T2D (...) (aged 18-80) initiating a GLP-1RA between 2010 and 2018 at specialist outpatient clinics. We compared the effectiveness of dulaglutide versus liraglutide and exeOW on the changes in HbA1c (primary outcome), body weight, blood pressure and fasting glucose (secondary outcomes). Average follow-up was 5.9 months. Channelling biases were addressed with propensity score matching or multivariable adjustment. Meta-analyses of observational studies, covering the same comparisons, are also presented.849, 1371
The Influence of Liraglutide for Heart Failure: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. The efficacy of liraglutide to treat heart failure remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of liraglutide on heart failure.We searched PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through March 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of liraglutide on cardiac function of heart failure. Meta (...) -analysis is performed using the random-effect model.Four RCTs involving 629 patients are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with the control group for heart failure, liraglutide treatment significantly can reduce NT-proBNP (Std. MD = -3.06; 95% CI = -5.78 to -0.34; P = .03), and improve 6MWT (Std. MD=1.10; 95% CI = 0.75 to 1.44; P < .00001), but has no remarkable influence on LVEF change (Std. MD=1.10; 95% CI = -1.97 to 3.98; P = 0.51), LVEDV change (Std. MD = 6.26; 95% CI = -1.45
The efficacy and safety of liraglutide in the obese, non-diabetic individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Liraglutide has been shown to improve glucose tolerance and lose weight in individuals with type 2 diabetes. To date, no meta-analysis of liraglutide's safety and efficacy in individuals without diabetes has been conducted.The aim of this study is to carry out a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of liraglutide in the obese, non-diabetic individuals.A literature (...) review was performed to identify all published randomised control trials (RCT) of liraglutide for the treatment of obesity in non-diabetic individuals. The search included the following databases: EMBASE, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register.We included five publications involving a total of 4,754 patients that compared liraglutide with placebo and found that liraglutide to be an effective and safe treatment for weight loss in individuals without diabetes. Primary efficacy end points
A greater proportion of participants with type 2 diabetes achieve treatment targets with insulin degludec/liraglutide versus insulin glargine 100 units/mL at 26 weeks: DUAL VIII, a randomized trial designed to resemble clinical practice This report presents the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) versus insulin glargine 100 units/mL (IGlar U100) as initial injectable therapy at 26 weeks in the 104-week DUAL VIII durability trial (NCT02501161). Participants (N = 1012
Meta-analysis of the efficacy of liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes accompanied by incipient nephropathy. The efficacy of liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes accompanied by early-stage nephropathy has remained to be fully elucidated. The present meta-analysis was performed to determine the clinical outcomes associated with liraglutide treatment. The PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang databases were searched in October 2018 (...) to identify randomized controlled trials of liraglutide for diabetes patients with early-stage nephropathy. The treatment effect was estimated by calculating the mean difference (MD). Heterogeneity was assessed using χ2 and I2 tests. In addition, risk of bias graphs and summaries were used to assess the quality of the trials included. A total of 13 randomized controlled trials were included in the present meta-analysis. In subjects with stage I-II diabetic nephropathy (DN), liraglutide had obvious
Cardiovascular outcomes of liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Liraglutide is a novel, long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the cardiovascular safety and benefits of liraglutide treatment on type 2 diabetes patients remain in debate. In this study, we aimed to examine the overall cardiovascular outcomes of liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes.In this systematic review (...) and meta-analysis, we searched the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Knowledge databases up to September 1st, 2017 for randomized trials in which type 2 diabetes patients were assigned to liraglutide and placebo or other comparators groups.Eight studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria for inclusion and 14,608 patients were analyzed in this systematic review and meta-analysis. We found patients in the liraglutide group had a lower risk of major cardiovascular events (MACE) (RR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.82-0.96, P
Efficacy of liraglutide intervention in myocardial infarction : AÂ meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The efficacy of liraglutide intervention for myocardial infarction (MI) remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of liraglutide intervention versus placebo on cardiac function for MI.We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through April 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs (...) ) assessing the effect of liraglutide intervention versus placebo on MI. This meta-analysis was performed using the random-effect model.Four randomized controlled trials involving 469 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control group for MI, liraglutide intervention significantly improved left ventricular ejection fraction (mean difference [MD] = 4.42; 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.71 to 7.14; P = 0.001), superoxide dismutase (MD = 6.89; 95% CI = 1.80 to 11.98; P = 0.008
Erratum to: Efficacy of liraglutide intervention in myocardial infarction : AÂ meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Erratum to: Herz 2018 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00059-018-4748-5 In the above mentioned article, the affiliations of the authors and the corresponding address were not given correctly. The correct affiliations/address of correspondence is as follows:X. Yang1,2, Z. Liang11 Department of Respiratory ….
Effects of Liraglutide Compared With Placebo on Events of Acute Gallbladder or Biliary Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes at High Risk for Cardiovascular Events in the LEADER Randomized Trial To explore gallbladder- and biliary tract-related events reported for the liraglutide and placebo groups in the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) trial.LEADER was an international, randomized, double-blind, controlled cardiovascular (CV (...) ) outcomes trial. Participants with type 2 diabetes at high risk for CV events (n = 9,340) were randomized 1:1 to receive either liraglutide (≤1.8 mg daily; n = 4,668) or placebo (n = 4,672), with both groups also receiving standard care (treatment period: 3.5-5 years). Acute gallstone disease was a medical event of special interest. This post hoc analysis categorized captured events of acute gallbladder or biliary disease into four groups: uncomplicated gallbladder stones, complicated gallbladder stones
Adjunctive liraglutide treatment in patients with persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes after metabolic surgery (GRAVITAS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Many patients with type 2 diabetes do not achieve sustained diabetes remission after metabolic (bariatric) surgery for the treatment of obesity. Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue, improves glycaemic control and reduces bodyweight in patients with type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to assess the safety (...) and efficacy of liraglutide 1·8 mg in patients with persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes after metabolic surgery.In the GRAVITAS randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled adults who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or vertical sleeve gastrectomy and had persistent or recurrent type 2 diabetes with HbA1c levels higher than 48 mmol/mol (6·5%) at least 1 year after surgery from five hospitals in London, UK. Participants were randomly assigned (2:1) via a computer-generated
Liraglutide use and evaluation of pancreatic outcomes in a US commercially insured population Both acute pancreatitis (AP) and pancreatic cancer (PC) have been areas of focus for studies of incretin drugs. This 5-year prospective cohort study aimed to quantify possible associations between liraglutide and risk of AP and PC as compared to other antidiabetic drugs (ADs).Patients initiating liraglutide or other ADs who were enrolled in a US health plan (2010-2014) were included. Comparisons of AP (...) and PC incidence rates were made between matched cohorts of liraglutide initiators and initiators of other ADs. Adjudicated AP cases and algorithm-based PC cases were identified. Propensity score-matched intention-to-treat (ITT) and time-on-drug (TOD) analyses were completed using Poisson regression. A latency analysis was performed for PC.Median follow-up was 405 days for AP cohorts (9995 liraglutide, 1:1 matched to all comparators) and 503 days for PC cohorts (35 163 liraglutide, 1:1 matched to all
Liraglutide as adjunct to insulin treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. A few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the use of liraglutide in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Through the present systematic review and meta-analysis we aim at critically appraising and summarizing those RCTs, providing precise effect estimates.We searched major databases and grey literature from their inception to October 2018, for RCTs with a duration ≥ 12 weeks (...) , comparing liraglutide with placebo or any other comparator as adjunct to insulin in patients with T1D, investigating major efficacy and safety endpoints. This review is reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement.We included 5 trials with 2,445 randomized participants. Liraglutide provided modest reductions in HbA1c, with liraglutide 1.8 mg producing the greatest decrease (MD = -0.24%, 95% CI -0.32 to -0.16, I2=0%). Significant
Oral semaglutide versus subcutaneous liraglutide and placebo in type 2 diabetes (PIONEER 4): a randomised, double-blind, phase 3a trial. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are effective treatments for type 2 diabetes, lowering glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and weight, but are currently only approved for use as subcutaneous injections. Oral semaglutide, a novel GLP-1 agonist, was compared with subcutaneous liraglutide and placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes.In this randomised (...) -daily oral semaglutide (dose escalated to 14 mg), once-daily subcutaneous liraglutide (dose escalated to 1·8 mg), or placebo for 52 weeks. Two estimands were defined: treatment policy (regardless of study drug discontinuation or rescue medication) and trial product (assumed all participants were on study drug without rescue medication) in all participants who were randomly assigned. The treatment policy estimand was the primary estimand. The primary endpoint was change from baseline to week 26
2019LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Fixed-ratio combination of insulin degludec and liraglutide (IDegLira) improves cardiovascular risk markers in patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on basal insulin In this post hoc analysis we investigated the effects of insulin degludec/liraglutide fixed-ratio combination (IDegLira) versus comparators on cardiovascular (CV) risk markers in participants in the DUAL II (vs. insulin degludec), DUAL V (vs. insulin glargine 100 units/mL) and DUAL VII (vs. basal-bolus therapy) trials, grouped
Superior efficacy of insulin degludec/liraglutide versus insulin glargine U100 as add-on to sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor therapy: A randomized clinical trial in people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes To investigate the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) versus insulin glargine 100 units/mL (IGlar U100) as add-on to sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor therapy.In this 26-week, phase IIIb, open-label, parallel-group, treat-to-target trial