Latest & greatest articles for pneumonia

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Top results for pneumonia

1. Efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in COVID-19 based on evidence for COVID-19, other coronavirus infections, influenza, community-acquired pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in COVID-19 based on evidence for COVID-19, other coronavirus infections, influenza, community-acquired pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis Efficacy and Safety of Corticosteroids in COVID-19 Based on Evidence for COVID-19, Other Coronavirus Infections, Influenza, Community-Acquired Pneumonia and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis - PubMed This site needs JavaScript (...) Coronavirus Infections, Influenza, Community-Acquired Pneumonia and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliation 1 Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (Ye, Tangamornsuksan, Rochwerg, Guyatt, Colunga-Lozano, Yao, Motaghi, Fang, Xiao), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont.; Department of Pharmacy (Wang), Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Department of Clinical

2020 EvidenceUpdates

2. Use of Corticosteroids in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Systematic Review of the Literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of Corticosteroids in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Systematic Review of the Literature Use of Corticosteroids in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Systematic Review of the Literature - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine National Center (...) Link Copy Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Front Med (Lausanne) Actions . 2020 Apr 24;7:170. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2020.00170. eCollection 2020. Use of Corticosteroids in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia: A Systematic Review of the Literature , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy. 2 Clinical and Experimental Medicine PhD Program, University of Modena

2020 EvidenceUpdates

3. Clinical efficacy of hydroxychloroquine in patients with covid-19 pneumonia who require oxygen: observational comparative study using routine care data. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical efficacy of hydroxychloroquine in patients with covid-19 pneumonia who require oxygen: observational comparative study using routine care data. To assess the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine in patients admitted to hospital with coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) pneumonia who require oxygen.Comparative observational study using data collected from routine care.Four French tertiary care centres providing care to patients with covid-19 pneumonia between 12 March and 31 March (...) 2020.181 patients aged 18-80 years with documented severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia who required oxygen but not intensive care.Hydroxychloroquine at a dose of 600 mg/day within 48 hours of admission to hospital (treatment group) versus standard care without hydroxychloroquine (control group).The primary outcome was survival without transfer to the intensive care unit at day 21. Secondary outcomes were overall survival, survival without acute respiratory distress

2020 BMJ

4. Prevalence of dysphagia and economic burden of aspiration pneumonia in patients with stroke or head and neck cancer

Prevalence of dysphagia and economic burden of aspiration pneumonia in patients with stroke or head and neck cancer application/octet-stream

2020 Institute of Health Economics

5. Management of upper GI bleeding in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia

Management of upper GI bleeding in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia Management of upper GI bleeding in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia Kimberly Cavaliere, 1 Calley Levine, 1 Praneet Wander, 1 Divyesh V Sejpal, 1 Arvind J Trindade 1 1) Division of Gastroenterology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Northwell Health System, New Hyde Park, NY, USA ADDRESS CORRESPONDENCE: Dr. Arvind J. Trindade Director of Endoscopy Long Island Jewish Medical Center (...) to our hospital with COVID-19 –associated pneumonia (fever, shortness of breath requiring oxygen, positive COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction [PCR] test, and infiltrates showing on chest radiograph), and upper GI bleeding. The patient and clinical characteristics can be found in Table 1. The GI manifestations were hematemesis or melena. Guidelines advise that patients who present with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding undergo endoscopy within 24 hours of presentation 2 . Endoscopy can not only

2020 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

6. BTS guidance on respiratory follow up of patients with radiologically confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia

BTS guidance on respiratory follow up of patients with radiologically confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia V1.2 11 May 2020 1 British Thoracic Society Guidance on Respiratory Follow Up of Patients with a Clinico-Radiological Diagnosis of COVID-19 Pneumonia Introduction This guidance outlines British Thoracic Society (BTS) recommended follow up of patients with a clinico-radiological diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia. The COVID-19 swab status of patients is not relevant to this guidance. The entry point (...) to this guidance is a clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia with consistent radiological changes. This document may require updating as more information becomes available. This version was published on Monday 11 May 2020. Please check the BTS website for the most up to date version of this document. This guidance focuses on the radiological follow up of the pneumonic process and the subsequent diagnosis and management of respiratory complications of COVID-19 pneumonia. This guidance is intended

2020 British Thoracic Society

7. Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? - Annals of Emergency Medicine Email/Username: Password: Remember me Search Terms Search within Search Share this page To read this article in full, please review your options for gaining access at the bottom of the page. Article in Press Do Corticosteroids Benefit Patients With Influenza Pneumonia? x Michael Gottlieb , MD (EBEM Commentator) , x Thomas Seagraves , MD (EBEM (...) Commentator) , x Stephen R. Gore , MD (EBEM Commentator) Department of Emergency Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL DOI: Publication History Published online: July 23, 2019 To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or . Click to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Among patients with influenza pneumonia, corticosteroids are associated with increased mortality, longer length of stay in the ICU, and higher rates of secondary infection, although there are no data from

2020 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

8. COVID-19 rapid guideline: antibiotics for pneumonia in adults in hospital

COVID-19 rapid guideline: antibiotics for pneumonia in adults in hospital COVID-19 rapid guideline: antibiotics for pneumonia in adults in hospital NICE guideline Published: 1 May 2020 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng173 © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Your responsibility Your responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration (...) be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. COVID-19 rapid guideline: antibiotics for pneumonia in adults in hospital (NG173) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 17Contents Contents

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

9. PneuX to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia

PneuX to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia PneuX to prevent ventilator- associated pneumonia Medical technologies guidance Published: 8 April 2020 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/mtg48 © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Your responsibility Your responsibility This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement (...) discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. PneuX to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (MTG48) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Medical technologies

10. Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. The initial cases of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 and January 2020. We analyzed data on the first 425 confirmed cases in Wuhan to determine the epidemiologic characteristics of NCIP.We collected information on demographic characteristics, exposure history, and illness timelines of laboratory-confirmed cases of NCIP that had

2020 NEJM

11. A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. In December 2019, a cluster of patients with pneumonia of unknown cause was linked to a seafood wholesale market in Wuhan, China. A previously unknown betacoronavirus was discovered through the use of unbiased sequencing in samples from patients with pneumonia. Human airway epithelial cells were used to isolate a novel coronavirus, named 2019-nCoV, which formed a clade within the subgenus sarbecovirus, Orthocoronavirinae subfamily

2020 NEJM

12. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. In December, 2019, a pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) emerged in Wuhan, China. We aimed to further clarify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 2019-nCoV pneumonia.In this retrospective, single-centre study, we included all confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV in Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital from Jan 1 to Jan 20, 2020. Cases were (...) confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and were analysed for epidemiological, demographic, clinical, and radiological features and laboratory data. Outcomes were followed up until Jan 25, 2020.Of the 99 patients with 2019-nCoV pneumonia, 49 (49%) had a history of exposure to the Huanan seafood market. The average age of the patients was 55·5 years (SD 13·1), including 67 men and 32 women. 2019-nCoV was detected in all patients by real-time RT-PCR. 50 (51%) patients had chronic diseases. Patients had clinical

2020 Lancet

13. A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. An ongoing outbreak of pneumonia associated with a novel coronavirus was reported in Wuhan city, Hubei province, China. Affected patients were geographically linked with a local wet market as a potential source. No data on person-to-person or nosocomial transmission have been published to date.In this study, we report the epidemiological, clinical (...) , laboratory, radiological, and microbiological findings of five patients in a family cluster who presented with unexplained pneumonia after returning to Shenzhen, Guangdong province, China, after a visit to Wuhan, and an additional family member who did not travel to Wuhan. Phylogenetic analysis of genetic sequences from these patients were done.From Jan 10, 2020, we enrolled a family of six patients who travelled to Wuhan from Shenzhen between Dec 29, 2019 and Jan 4, 2020. Of six family members who

2020 Lancet

14. Antimicrobial prescribing: ceftolozane with tazobactam for treating hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia

Antimicrobial prescribing: ceftolozane with tazobactam for treating hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia Antimicrobial prescribing: ceftolozane with tazobactam for treating hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator- associated pneumonia Evidence summary Published: 18 December 2019 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/es22 pathways K Ke ey messages y messages The content of this evidence review was up-to-date in December 2019. See summaries of product (...) /tazobactam for more information). In August 2019, the indication for ceftolozane with tazobactam was extended to include treating hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in adults (Zerbaxa: Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation). Evidence for using ceftolozane with tazobactam for treating HAP and VAP is from 1 phase 3 randomised controlled non-inferiority trial (ASPECT-NP). ASPECT-NP found that a high dose of ceftolozane

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

15. Rapid diagnosis strategy of community-acquired pneumonia for clinicians

Rapid diagnosis strategy of community-acquired pneumonia for clinicians Rapid diagnosis strategy of community-acquired pneumonia for clinicians - CEBM CEBM The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare. Navigate this website Rapid diagnosis strategy of community-acquired pneumonia for clinicians PDF to download Annette Pluddemann, Richard Hobbs, Kamal R. Mahtani and Carl Heneghan On behalf of the Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service Team (...) Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford Correspondence to VERDICT: Based on the best available evidence, a restricted strategy may be suitable for diagnosing pneumonia in the community. Such a strategy may be particularly suitable during the current Covid-19 pandemic where resources may be stretched. RECOMMENDED APPROACH IN EMERGENCY SITUATION Key equipment includes pulse oximeter,* a thermometer, and stethoscope (along

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

16. Covid-19: Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia

Covid-19: Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia - CEBM CEBM The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare. Navigate this website Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia April 8, 2020 Carl Heneghan, Annette Pluddemann and Kamal R. Mahtani On behalf of the Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service Team Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health (...) Sciences University of Oxford Correspondence to VERDICT A severe complication of COVID-19 is viral pneumonia. Distinguishing viral pneumonia from bacterial pneumonia is difficult in the community. In some cases, they could co-exist, increasing the chance of a more unfortunate outcome. However, there may be important clues in the history and the examination that can help differentiate the two. Recent guidance from NICE (UK) will support clinicians in this process. BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

17. A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)

A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version) POSITION ARTICLE AND GUIDELINE Open Access A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version) Ying-Hui Jin 1 , Lin Cai 2 , Zhen-Shun Cheng 3 , Hong Cheng 4 , Tong Deng 1,5 , Yi-Pin Fan 6,7 , Cheng Fang 1 , Di Huang 1 , Lu-Qi Huang 6,7 , Qiao Huang 1 , Yong Han 2 ,BoHu 8 , Fen Hu 8 (...) 1,18* , Yong-Yan Wang 6,7* , Xing-Huan Wang 1,2* , for the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University Novel Coronavirus Management and Research Team, Evidence-Based Medicine Chapter of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Health Care (CPAM) Abstract In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named “2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)” by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been

2020 Covid-19 Ad hoc guidelines

18. COVID-19: Rapidly managing pneumonia in older people during a pandemic

COVID-19: Rapidly managing pneumonia in older people during a pandemic Rapidly managing pneumonia in older people during a pandemic - CEBM CEBM The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better evidence for healthcare. Navigate this website Rapidly managing pneumonia in older people during a pandemic Carl Heneghan, Jeff Aronson, Kamal Mahtani Rationale The current has highlighted the risk faced by older adults, who are more susceptible to complications, including (...) , usually as a result of pneumonia. Comorbidities, impaired immunity and frailty, including a reduced ability to cough and to clear secretions from the lungs, can all contribute to this complication. Older people are therefore more likely to develop severe pneumonia, suffer from respiratory failure, and die. Viruses are thought to cause about 50% of cases of pneumonia. Viral pneumonia is generally less severe than bacterial pneumonia but can act as a precursor to it. Preventing any pneumonia in older

2020 Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

19. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing suspected or confirmed pneumonia in adults in the community

COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing suspected or confirmed pneumonia in adults in the community COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing suspected or confirmed pneumonia in adults in the community NICE guideline Published: 3 April 2020 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng165 © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Your responsibility Your responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE (...) in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties. Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. COVID-19 rapid guideline: managing suspected or confirmed pneumonia in adults in the community (NG165) © NICE 2020. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. Ceftolozane/tazobactam (Zerbaxa) - hospital acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia

Ceftolozane/tazobactam (Zerbaxa) - hospital acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia Published 09 December 2019 1 Statement of advice SMC2256 ceftolozane / tazobactam 1g/0.5g powder for concentrate for solution for infusion (Zerbaxa®) Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited 8 November 2019 ADVICE: in the absence of a submission from the holder of the marketing authorisation ceftolozane / tazobactam (Zerbaxa®) is not recommended for use within NHSScotland. Indication under review (...) : In adults for the treatment of hospital acquired pneumonia, including ventilator-associated pneumonia. The holder of the marketing authorisation has not made a submission to SMC regarding this product in this indication. As a result we cannot recommend its use within NHSScotland. Advice context: No part of this advice may be used without the whole of the advice being quoted in full. This advice represents the view of the Scottish Medicines Consortium and was arrived at after careful consideration

2019 Scottish Medicines Consortium