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Latest & greatest articles for social isolation
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Interventions to reduce socialisolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men Interventions to reduce socialisolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men | The Ontario HIV Treatment Network The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Interventions to reduce socialisolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men Interventions to reduce socialisolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men , , , , , , Questions What interventions have been helpful to reduce social (...) isolation and loneliness among men who have sex with men? Key take-home messages Socialisolation and loneliness are significantly associated with all-cause mortality in the general population (1). A recent study among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men in Vancouver found that 61% of the sample reported some degree of loneliness (2). While there are a number of studies and reviews that focus on loneliness and/or socialisolation among older adults in the general population (3–5), there appear
The link between falls, socialisolation and loneliness: A systematic review. The chances of experiencing a fall among those aged 60 years and older increase as risk factors accumulate. In the last few decades, several studies have identified different risk factors for falls in older people, including the role of socialisolation and loneliness. This systematic review provides an overview of published literature that analyzes the bidirectional relation between falls and socialisolation (...) or loneliness.Two databases (PubMed and Europe PMC) were used to search for publications investigating the relationship between falls, socialisolation and/or loneliness in older people. Similar articles and references were screened against the inclusion criteria.17 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included. Only a few studies assessed the association between falls and socialisolation/loneliness among older people. Therefore, articles examining the association between falls and living alone status
The association between loneliness, socialisolation and inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The review synthesised evidence examining the association between a. loneliness with inflammation and b. socialisolation with inflammation in adults aged 16 or older from the general population. From an initial 7,400 articles we identified 14 papers that examined loneliness, and 16 that examined socialisolation. Qualitative syntheses indicated mixed results, variable study quality (...) , and methodological heterogeneity. Most studies provided associations for C-reactive protein CRP, fibrinogen and Interleukin-6 IL-6, and these results were synthesised using random-effects meta-analyses. There was no association between loneliness with CRP or fibrinogen, but there was a significant association between loneliness and IL-6 for most-adjusted but not least-adjusted analyses. There was also a significant least-adjusted association between socialisolation with CRP and fibrinogen, which remained
Neurobiological Trajectories Involving SocialIsolation in PTSD: A Systematic Review. Socialisolation (SI) stress has been recognized as a major risk factor of morbidity in humans and animals, exerting damaging effects at the physical and mental health levels. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), on the other hand, occurs as a result of experiencing serious, life-threatening, traumatic events and involves involuntary re-experiencing trauma (intrusion), avoidance symptoms, and distortions (...) of cognition and emotional arousal. The literature shows that PTSD is affected by genetic predisposition and triggers a large neurocircuitry involving the amygdala, insula, hippocampus, anterior cingulate- and prefrontal-cortex, and affects the function of the neuroendocrine and immune systems. Socialisolation seems to influence the predisposition, onset and outcome of PTSD in humans, whereas it constitutes a valid model of the disorder in animals. According to the PRISMA (preferred reporting items
The impact of perceived and objective socialisolation on hospital readmission in patients with heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Several psychosocial risk factors have been identified that increase the rate of readmission in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the impact of socialisolation (SI) on the rate of readmission is unclear. Therefore, the current review focused on the impact of SI on readmission rates of patients with HF.A Medline-based (...) and the prevalence of SI.From 3326 titles, 13 studies (n = 6468 participants) were eligible. The mean follow-up period was 13 months. The cumulative incidence for HF-related hospital readmission was 35.47% (95% CI: 34.29-36.67). The pooled prevalence ratio (PR, (95% CI)) was 37.31% (36.14-38.49), 31.51% (30.36-32.68), 32.82% (29.90-35.88), and 39.57% (37.73-41.45) for SI, living alone, lack of social support, and poor social network, respectively. SI was associated with a 55% greater risk of hospital readmission
Hearing Loss, Loneliness, and SocialIsolation: A Systematic Review. Socialisolation and loneliness are associated with increased mortality and higher health care spending in older adults. Hearing loss is a common condition in older adults and impairs communication and social interactions. The objective of this review is to summarize the current state of the literature exploring the association between hearing loss and socialisolation and/or loneliness.PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO (...) , and the Cochrane Library.Articles were screened for inclusion by 2 independent reviewers, with a third reviewer for adjudication. English-language studies of older adults with hearing loss that used a validated measure of socialisolation or loneliness were included. A modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the quality of the studies included in the review.Of the 2495 identified studies, 14 were included in the review. Most of the studies (12/14) were cross-sectional. Despite the heterogeneity
SocialIsolation and Cognitive Function in Later Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. There is some evidence to suggest that socialisolation may be associated with poor cognitive function in later life. However, findings are inconsistent and there is wide variation in the measures used to assess social isolation.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association between socialisolation and cognitive function in later life.A search for longitudinal (...) studies assessing the relationship between aspects of socialisolation (including social activity and social networks) and cognitive function (including global measures of cognition, memory, and executive function) was conducted in PsycInfo, CINAHL, PubMed, and AgeLine. A random effects meta-analysis was conducted to assess the overall association between measures of socialisolation and cognitive function. Sub-analyses investigated the association between different aspects of socialisolation
Activities delivered at home by family carers to maintain cognitive function in people with dementia sociallyisolating during COVID-19: Evidence for Non – technology based activities / interventions Activities delivered at home by family carers to maintain cognitive function in people with dementia sociallyisolating during COVID-19: Evidence for Non – technology based activities / interventions - CEBM CEBM The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine develops, promotes and disseminates better (...) evidence for healthcare. Navigate this website Activities delivered at home by family carers to maintain cognitive function in people with dementia sociallyisolating during COVID-19: Evidence for Non – technology based activities / interventions May 7, 2020 Mari Lloyd-Williams, Caroline Mogan, Sarah Russell, Karen Harrison-Dening Academic Palliative and Supportive Care Studies Group, University of Liverpool On behalf of the Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service Team Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine
The effectiveness of interventions for reducing subjective and objective socialisolation among people with mental health problems: a systematic review. Subjective and objective socialisolation are important factors contributing to both physical and mental health problems, including premature mortality and depression. This systematic review evaluated the current evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to improve subjective and/or objective socialisolation for people with mental health (...) problems. Primary outcomes of interest included loneliness, perceived social support, and objective social isolation.Three databases were searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Studies were included if they evaluated interventions for people with mental health problems and had objective and/or subjective socialisolation (including loneliness) as their primary outcome, or as one of a number of outcomes with none identified as primary.In total, 30 RCTs met the review's inclusion
Loneliness and socialisolation causal association with health-related lifestyle risk in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. The health impacts of loneliness and socialisolation among older adults are widely acknowledged. Despite this, there is no consensus on the possible causal nature of this relationship, which could undermine effectiveness of interventions. One body of thought is that loneliness and socialisolation affect health-related behaviours to indirectly (...) damage health. However, there has not been any systematic assessment of the association between loneliness and socialisolation and health-related behaviours which considers the possible impact from confounding factors and the causal direction of this association.The research will comprise a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the evidence gap. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PSYCINFO, CINAHL, SocIndex, Scopus and Web of Science will be systematically searched for quantitative observational studies
Addressing SocialIsolation To Improve the Health of Older Adults: A Rapid Review Rapid Evidence Product Addressing SocialIsolation To Improve the Health of Older Adults: A Rapid Review eRapid Evidence Product Addressing SocialIsolation To Improve the Health of Older Adults: A Rapid Review Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857 www.ahrq.gov Contract No. 290-2017-00003-C Prepared by: Scientific (...) Resource Center Portland, OR Investigators: Stephanie Veazie, M.P.H. Jennifer Gilbert, M.D., M.P.H. Kara Winchell, M.A. Robin Paynter, M.L.I.S. Jeanne-Marie Guise, M.D., M.P.H. AHRQ Publication No. 19-EHC009-EF February 2019 ii Purpose of Review To rapidly evaluate the effect of interventions targeting socialisolation/loneliness in community- dwelling older adults (60 years and older) on outcomes of socialisolation/loneliness, health and health care utilization. Key Messages • Physical activity
Care of the older person: Higher risk of physical frailty in older person is associated with increased levels of loneliness rather than socialisolation Higher risk of physical frailty in older person is associated with increased levels of loneliness rather than socialisolation | Evidence-Based Nursing Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search (...) for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Higher risk of physical frailty in older person is associated with increased levels of loneliness rather than socialisolation Article Text Commentary Care of the older person Higher risk of physical frailty in older person is associated with increased levels of loneliness rather than socialisolation Ganapathy Ganesalingam
Socialisolation Top results for socialisolation - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2 (...) ) and (#3 or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for socialisolation The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms
Interventions targeting loneliness and socialisolation among the older people: An update systematic review. This systematic review aims to summarize and update the current knowledge on the effectiveness of the existing interventions for alleviating loneliness and socialisolation among older persons. A search of PubMed, ISI Web of science, SCOPUS, The Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases was performed. The terminology combined all possible alternatives of the following keywords: social (...) isolation, loneliness, old people, intervention and effectiveness. Eligible studies were published between January 2011 and February 2016 in English or Italian language and regarded the implementation of loneliness/socialisolation interventions among the older generations. Outcome measures in terms of the intervention effects needed to be reported. In total, 15 quantitative and five qualitative studies were ultimately included in this review. Eighteen interventions were reported across the quantitative
The effectiveness of eInterventions on reducing socialisolation in older persons: A systematic review of systematic reviews. As the older adult population group has been increasing in size, there has been evidence of growing socialisolation and loneliness in their lives. The increased use of information communication technology and Internet-supported interventions has stimulated an interest in the benefits of e-Interventions for older people and specifically in having a role in increasing (...) social networks and decreasing loneliness. A systematic review of e-Interventions to reduce loneliness in older people was conducted with the aim to synthesize high quality evidence on the effectiveness of e-Interventions to decrease socialisolation/loneliness for older people living in community/residential care. A systematic search of 12 databases for reviews published between 2000-2017 was conducted using search term synonyms for older people, socialisolation and interventions. Three independent
The Evidence for Altered BDNF Expression in the Brain of Rats Reared or Housed in SocialIsolation: A Systematic Review. There is evidence that development and maintenance of neural connections are disrupted in major mental disorders, which indicates that neurotrophic factors could play a critical role in their pathogenesis. Stress is a well-established risk factor for psychopathology and recent research suggests that disrupted signaling via brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may (...) be involved in mediating the negative effects of stress on the brain. Socialisolation of rats elicits chronic stress and is widely used as an animal model of mental disorders such as schizophrenia and depression. We carried out a systematic search of published studies to review current evidence for an altered expression of BDNF in the brain of rats reared or housed in socialisolation. Across all age groups (post-weaning, adolescent, adult), majority of the identified studies (16/21) reported a decreased
Reducing socialisolation and loneliness in older people: a systematic review protocol. Socialisolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic (...) review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on socialisolation or loneliness in older people.A systematic review was conducted in Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, LILACS, OpenGrey and the Cochrane Library on peer-reviewed studies and doctoral theses published between 1995 and 2016 evaluating the impact of health promotion interventions on socialisolation and/or loneliness